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How to Write a Critical Analysis Essay: Full Guide

Apr 25, 2022 | 0 comments

Apr 25, 2022 | Blog | 0 comments

A critical analysis essay involves reading a text critically and stating your evaluation, or opinion, of what the author was meaning. There are two steps to writing this kind of essay: reading critically and writing critically. When writing a critical analysis, your teacher has usually assigned a short piece of work like a poem or short story that you are required to read. You should help if you also utilized criticism (essays) in your research to show how other people with more expertise have responded to the same work.

A critical analysis is subjective writing because it expresses the writer’s opinion or evaluation of a text. Analysis means to break down and study the parts. Writing a critical paper requires two steps: critical reading and critical writing. Critical reading is to identify the author’s thesis and purpose.

What Is a Critical Analysis Essay?

A critical analysis essay is a kind of academic paper that demonstrates a student’s ability to analyze a piece of literature or cinematography. That is why college and high school lecturers often assign a written task confused with a report as a critical essay also deals with books, articles, movies, or even paintings.

A good critical analysis provides the reader with a profound evaluation of the piece and reflects its positive and negative aspects. Want to learn how to write a successful critical analysis essay quickly? Follow our special guide created with the help of several professional writers and lecturers of different scientific fields and be at the top

How to Write a Critical Analysis

  • Read the original passage or text carefully and thoroughly. Make notes on key parts of the work.
  • Identify the author’s thesis statement (the argument) and summarize the key ideas/main points made in the text.
  • Read a few times to understand it well; determine whether you agree with it, how well-reasoned it is, and whether there are any weaknesses to what is being argued.
  • If a particular part of the work is confusing, reread it more carefully or consult a dictionary or encyclopedia to understand the material that is unfamiliar to you.
  • Write a summary of the work. Write an evaluation of the work.

You can also watch this amazing video on how to write  a critical analysis essay or you can read our step by step guide below.


Without further ado, let’s learn how to write a critical analysis essay.

Step 1: Critical Reading

When you’re assigned a literary essay in class, your teacher will often provide you with a list of writing prompts. Lucky you! It means you don’t need to come up with your topic.

The first step is to read the text(s) carefully. As you read, pay close attention to the main idea or thesis and any literary devices used.

Often, authors will use more than one literary device throughout their writing. It would help if you focused on all of them as they may contribute something unique to the work.

Read the work more than once, if possible. Each time through, highlight or underline different aspects of the text: characters, setting details, or basic information about plot development and themes/motifs.

It would help if you also considered taking notes as you read: jot down thoughts and impressions as they occur so that they can be easily recalled later on when it comes time to write your analysis.

Step 2: Critical Analysis Writing

You can begin your paper by first explaining the author’s purpose for writing the book or novel. You could also choose to analyze the text from a different perspective, such as interpreting the text from a particular genre or perspective. If you are analyzing a film, look up the list of characters online and, if it is not provided for you in class, write down what you learn about each character.

Then comes another important point: your argument. The reader should know exactly what your argument is by reading the introduction and conclusion of your paper. The body paragraphs must all work to prove that central claim. For example, if you are arguing that something in Hamlet is racist or sexist—and it may very well be—you need to support this claim with hard evidence from the play itself and critical discussions on how others have interpreted that material over time.

This isn’t just a restatement of your thesis statement either; it needs to be part of a logical progression of ideas within body paragraphs throughout your essay and in introductory and concluding paragraphs at each end of your essay.

Finally, make sure to include works cited page (a bibliography) at the end of your essay so other people can find those sources later on their own


The first step in writing a critical analysis essay is summarizing the textual content. You should take notes of each paragraph, so you can later break the text down and explain why each point is important.

Use your own words and terms when you write your summary. Don’t just copy sentences from the original text. Instead, it’s better to paraphrase them in your own words and add an appropriate citation at the end of the sentence.

In this part of your paper, it’s necessary to describe everything that the author has done to:

  • key ideas;
  • arguments;
  • conclusions;
  • approaches;
  • methods, etc.

Write a Thesis

It would help if you started your analysis by making a list of factors that seem important to you. These factors can come from:

  • the title;
  • the events described in the text;
  • the text’s form (for example, sonnet, ode) and structure;
  • imagery and symbolism used in the text;
  • words used by the author and their meanings according to their context or general connotations;

The next step is crucial. Develop an argumentative statement that will be your whole thesis. A good thesis should be somewhat controversial and complex: it shouldn’t be obvious to a casual reader; it should prove a point and provide new information on a subject. Your critical essay needs a clear, specific claim or argumentative statement that clearly explains what you want to prove.

Creating a Critical Analysis Essay Outline

A critical analysis essay outline is an action plan a student prepares so as not to get lost during writing, and this piece reflects the main points of the text. It is easier to get two or three similar objects and give a description of each of them in separate body paragraphs:

  • Introduction: The first section should introduce your audience to the book. Here you need to provide some background data about this book, such as its main theme, the author’s message, and their purpose. It’s better not to start with a summary – save it for the next part.
  • Main Body (Analysis): This is where you write your interpretation of all facts. There are different ideas about organizing this section, depending on your vision. You can divide it by body paragraphs like we do in our example or use one long paragraph for all facts from your text if you have enough space for details. Keep in mind critical essays are meant to be objective, so avoid words like “I,” “you,” and “we.”
  • Conclusion: The last section summarizes the main points discussed throughout your essay; mention only essential things here, avoiding providing any new information not previously mentioned!

Techniques Used in Literary Critiques

  • Objective Analysis: The objective analysis technique summarizes your work without introducing personal opinions. It requires that you state the strengths and weaknesses of a given text as they pertain to a specific topic, rather than just summarizing it.
  • Traditional Critique: Traditional analysis involves taking apart a text (such as a poem or story) and answering questions about important elements, such as setting, characters, critical point of view, imagery, and symbolism.
  • New Critique: This involves looking at the meaning behind words and how an author uses them instead of focusing on structural elements.
  • Marxist Criticism: Marxist critiques focus on a text’s socioeconomic structure rather than its literary merits.
  • Metaphorical Critique: This criticism centers around metaphors in a text and how their meanings change over time. Metaphors can have many meanings depending on who views them, so this type of critique asks you to analyze how they relate to time and place.
  • New Historicism: A new historicist critique looks at the relationship between literature and historical events surrounding its publication. Sometimes it may examine the historical context surrounding the author rather than just when it was published.
  • Psychological Critique: This critique examines the psychological aspects of characters in work instead of simply looking at them as literary creations. It analyzes what motivates their actions based on psychological theory or research regarding human behavior while also examining whether they are portrayed realistically.
  • Sociological Criticism: Sociological critiques look at how society affects people’s behavior within works instead of examining psychology motivated by individual drives. It also examines how works reflect social issues like classism or racism during their times for future generations to see examples from history about these problems through literature that highlights potential solutions for current issues faced today by society.

Top Tips to Save You Time in Critical Analysis Essay Writing

  • Start early. The more time you have to write, the better. It’s always good to get a second opinion, too. Make sure that your friend or family member understands what you’re looking for in the critiquing stage.
  • Take a break before editing and proofreading. To be an effective editor and proofreader, you need to clear your mind of what you just wrote to come at it fresh and find any errors or areas where information is missing or unclear.
  • Use a template. Using templates will also save time on formatting as they will have already been set up with proper margins and font styles, so all you need to do is plug in your content according to the following questions provided. Most essay sites will give examples of essays that are formatted correctly already, so take advantage of that!
  • Outline structure before critical writing. Outlining will help keep your ideas organized and ensure a logical flow throughout your paper—from the informative introductory paragraph to the conclusion—so it’s important not to skip this step!

Final thought

If you are told to write a critical analysis essay, you will have to analyze the topic from different angles. That’s what makes it critical. To make your work successful, you should know how to write a critical analysis essay step by step:

  • Start with understanding what a critical analysis paper is. The term may seem quite confusing and even intimidating at times, but it isn’t that difficult once you understand what kind of paper it is. It’s just your evaluation of the chosen issue’s pros and cons.
  • Have strong writing skills and develop them even more with practice. This type of paper requires an ability to present your thoughts clearly in written essay form and choose good words. At the same time, you are expressing your ideas on the topic chosen by your teacher or yourself if it was assigned. It would also be helpful if you have some knowledge about basic grammar rules such as tenses and their proper usage in sentences, for instance, to avoid confusion in terms of time frames used in the text under analysis or those referred to by the original author or creator of an object (a film for example).

Get Help from the Experts with your Critical Analysis Essay Paper

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