Abortion is a controversial social issue.
People often debate whether it should be illegal or not.
In most religions and cultures, abortion is an abomination; it is perceived as murder.
However, certain health circumstances warrant the legal practice of fetus life termination.
The difference in opinion on this subject makes it a suitable topic for research papers and academic essays.
The purpose of this article is to provide a step-by-step guide on how to write abortion essays by students.
What is an Abortion
The process of ending a pregnancy artificially is often called induced abortion.
Many arguments and debates are surrounding the topic, but not in countries where it’s legal.
The abortion debate has been a controversial topic for years.
Although there are countries where it’s legal, many places have laws against induced abortion.
This makes many women resort to unsafe abortions methods.
Such as using sharp objects or chemicals on their own bodies to illegally end their pregnancies before giving birth.
Many believe these unsafe abortions practices can lead pregnant women into fatal complications if not adequately treated afterward quickly enough when complications arise after self-inflicted harm during the efforts of termination of a pregnancy.
Essay Structure on Abortion
The essay structure about this topic typically includes a brief introduction describing your thesis and some background information on abortion.
You then proceed through each point you plan to make in their order.
Finally, conclude either that you agree or disagree by stating why as concisely as possible.
A pro-choice argumentative essay may have the following essay structure:
- The definition of an abortion.
- The analysis of the social aspect.
- Thesis: “Should society’s disapproval break not only the women’s but also the families and unwanted children’s lives?”
- Paragraph 1. An argument in favor of abortion (two, three, or more).
- Paragraph 2: An argument against abortion (same as in the previous paragraph).
- A general deduction that confirms the thesis in the introduction.
- Expression of a personal vision of a problem.
Essay Outline on Abortion
The outline of your essay is the table of contents where you list out all the parts that make up this document.
To stay on track, choose the main idea for every paragraph and then write it down, so we know what to look forward to in each one!
It may look like this:
Introduction: The problem of abortions.
Main body: Everything considered on the topic of abortions, namely
- Paragraph 1: Advantages an abortion can provide.
- Paragraph 2: Disadvantages and negative consequences of an abortion.
Conclusion: Inference and personal point of view on the problem.
How to write an abortion essay
The guide on how to write essays on abortion will be divided into three sections; introduction, body, and conclusion.
Abortion essay introduction
A good introduction should be interesting so that a reader can be curious enough to finish the entire essay.
The first sentence should be some hook.
You could start with a question, a quote, or a fascinating fact about abortions.
Then, introduce the topic to let a reader know what exactly you are talking about.
You can introduce your essay by defining abortion.
You will find very many definitions of abortions.
One example is the Oxford English Dictionary, which defines abortions as the deliberate termination of pregnancy, mostly done in the first 7 months of the gestation period.
Abortion essay Body
When writing the body of an abortion paper, you should consider these two main things:
1) Coming up with strong arguments
In most cases, your argument will be against abortions.
Therefore, a good approach will introduce a cause and describe its consequences before going to the next cause.
Consider the following are a few anti-abortion arguments you can develop a thesis statement from:
- Abortion damages a woman’s reproductive system
- It goes against the principles of feminism
- It does not free a woman. Instead, it enslaves her to guilt
- It can be perceived as a way for men to escape responsibility
Consider the following pro-life abortion thesis statements:
- Abortion is one procedure that comes with severe risks, which include; damage to the reproductive system, infertility, and excessive bleeding.
- Depression is a possible consequence of abortion since the procedure weighs heavily on a woman’s conscience. Regretting going through with the procedure causes depression, and in some cases, the depression is so severe that it causes mental illness.
- Some many individuals and couples are unable to conceive and get children. Therefore, instead of aborting, a woman should consider going the full term of the pregnancy and giving up the baby for adoption.
- The leading cause of abortion is unwanted pregnancies. Yet, a woman can choose to use contraceptives which have mild consequences and are cheap compared to abortion.
- The fetus inside a woman’s womb is living. Therefore, abortion is murder, and killing a living being is immoral and a crime worth punishment.
- Abortion is painful not just for the mother but also for the baby. Doctors cannot find a consensus as to what stage a baby starts feeling pain in the womb. But, of course, when it is aborted late, it definitely feels pain.
- Most religions teach that ending the life of an embryo is a sin. But, using religion to justify anti-abortion is an argument that will not work on atheists. Still, the evidence religious teachings use to be against abortion is solid.
- Life begins in a woman’s womb, so the unborn child is a human who has the right to live.
- Abortion, because of the abnormalities of the embryo or fetus, can be regarded as discrimination of a physical feature.
- Abortion is not a form of contraception.
- Ending a fetus’s life popularizes the disrespect of life.
- Originally, the Hippocratic Oath forbids abortion.
- Abortion may cause future health problems for a woman.
- Women have to accept the responsibilities that come with pregnancy.
- Abortion causes psychological problems.
- According to the investigations of a Guttmacher Institute, black women are doing abortions more frequently than white, which means that it violates the balance of African babies.
- Many scientists believe that fetuses feel sufferings while fetus life is ended.
- Abortion is the murder of an innocent creature.
- Abortions may reduce the number of children available for adoption.
- Abortion destroys the possible social contribution of an unborn child.
- Abortion contradicts God’s commandments.
You could also discuss the surgical abortion procedures used and the possible effects of each procedure.
If you choose this approach, explain each procedure by outlining what the procedure entails, what a patient can expect during and after the procedure, and the risks.
A surgical abortion involves ending a pregnancy by removing it via the vagina by surgical means.
Alternatively, you can use medical evidence to develop pro-abortion arguments.
This approach mainly focuses on justifiable personal and medical reasons for abortion.
Personal reasons for abortion include the physiological effects of pregnancy, financial problems, relationship issues, unreadiness to be a parent, and pregnancies resulting from rape.
Health reasons include the psychological effects of pregnancy, especially on minors, and health issues of the mother that might result in miscarriage or threaten the life of the mother.
It is advisable to understand the difference between personal and health reasons and that abortion is legal for certain health situations.
Consider the following pro-abortion thesis statements:
- Unwanted pregnancies have psychological and physiological medical dangers, which are the reasons for abortion facilities and should be grounds for its legalization.
- Sometimes, the psychological effects and medical emergencies associated with early pregnancies necessitate abortion. Still, the consent of a parent or guardian should be mandatory before the procedure is carried out on a minor.
- There is a need to analyze the debate on abortion without factoring in the religious objections if there is consensus over the legal and ethical existence of the practice. Aren’t therapeutic abortions pro-life?
- Women who can’t do an abortion may become unemployed, live below the poverty line, or become victims of domestic violence.
- Legal and professional abortions reduce women’s injury or even death from illegal backstreet abortions.
- A woman’s independence must decide whether she wants to have a child.
- Abortion is considered to be one of the methods of population control.
- Most neuroscientists believe that fetuses can’t feel pain when an abortion is done.
- Abortion, the deliberate termination of a human, is the chance not to give birth to a child with deviations.
- A child may not come to the world unwanted.
- Everybody has a basic fundamental right to choose what to do with their own body.
- Some scientists claim that personhood starts when a fetus can live outside the womb, so after the birth.
- Modern methods of termination of pregnancy won’t cause infertility and other lasting health problems.
2. Avoiding plagiarism
Plagiarism is copying other people’s work without their consent.
It is highly penalized in academic papers.
In the body of your essay, you will have to include facts and arguments drawn from the sources of your research.
You will have to paraphrase any information you draw from your sources, which means writing what you have read or put across a point in your own words.
You can also avoid plagiarism by quoting or citing your sources.
Sources of information on abortion can be books, authoritative websites, published medical journals, and other published research papers on the topic.
After presenting a fact in your paper, use an in-citation to indicate the book or source the information is coming from.
Your paper will also have a reference section.
Ensure all the sources you have used in the body of the paper appear in the references section.
After finishing your paper, use an anti-plagiarism tool to check the percentage of plagiarism in your paper.
Abortion essay conclusion – summarizing your essay
The conclusion, of course, is the summary of the entire essay.
It is where you restate your thesis, briefly remind the reader of your paper’s main points, and answer the ‘so what’ question.
You can start your conclusion with a rhetorical statement or question.
For instance, if your essay was anti-abortion, you could start your conclusion by asking; Isn’t abortion a form of murder?
Similarly, if your essay was pro-abortion, you could start your conclusion by asking; Is it not barbaric to force a woman to carry a pregnancy that might risk their lives.
After the rhetoric device, you can go ahead and rephrase the thesis statement you wrote in the introduction.
Make sure you relate your thesis to your main points.
Additionally, your conclusion should offer solutions and recommendations to the problem you discussed in the paper.
Summary on how to write an essay on abortion
An abortion essay is a relatively easy assignment, considering it is a social issue with numerous published information.
However, due to the issue’s popularity, you have to develop a strong and unique argument to wow your lecturer or instructor.
Adhere to the guidelines shared above, and you will develop a good abortion thesis statement and a read-worthy essay.
If you need professional help writing an abortion essay or any assignment, contact us now.