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The Impact of Liberalism on Political Thought

Jun 2, 2023 | 0 comments

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Jun 2, 2023 | Blog | 0 comments

My Political Ideology

My political ideology is liberalism. The political ideology of liberalism primarily criticizes social and economic inequality. Equal opportunities are crucial, and liberalism believes that to achieve them, discriminatory practices must be eliminated, and the impact of income disparities must be lessened. One paradigm typified by its commitment to individual autonomy, civil liberties, and the unrelenting pursuit of personal fulfilment and self-actualization is liberalism, a complex and comprehensive political and intellectual ideology. Liberalism, rooted in the Enlightenment’s philosophical underpinnings, encompasses a complex web of ideals, guiding principles, and conceptual frameworks. The problems of the minority group have historically had a more significant influence on liberalism than have the concerns of the affluent members of society.


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Classical liberalism, germinating during the 18th and 19th centuries, exalted the paramountcy of individual freedom and unbridled market mechanisms. It championed the laissez-faire philosophy, advocating for minimal governmental interference in economic affairs to nurture a climate conducive to entrepreneurialism, vibrant competition, and robust economic expansion. Eminent intellectual luminaries such as John Locke, Adam Smith, and John Stuart Mill left indelible imprints on the annals of classical liberal thought. In its contemporary meaning, liberalism is a feature of modern democracies. It serves as a tool to highlight countries that uphold the rule of law, democratic processes, and other fundamental human rights. Liberalism provides the knowledge to reduce governmental authority aggression and control behaviors, establishments, and economic interactions. Democrats rarely engage in conflict with one another. Through the vigorous efforts of liberal states and international organizations like the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, liberalism facilitates the development of capitalism and free trade. These organizations create an open, market-based economic structure. It fosters high-level, advantageous trade between nations, reducing conflict and averting wars that could harm trade earnings. Liberal standards encourage international collaboration on various social issues, such as human rights, while countries that defy the norms incur various consequences. The most potent component of liberalism’s powerful, intuitive drive, which has deeply ingrained roots in today’s awareness, is adaptability.

The governmental apparatus holds crucial significance in the realm of the economy. Certain governing bodies have recently endeavored to exercise comprehensive dominion over economic affairs in pursuit of specific political or societal objectives. Conversely, others have sought to maintain a hands-off approach, contending that an unregulated economy functions optimally. In my view, the majority of democratic nations bear a national duty and assume a position that lies somewhere between these two extremes. The influence of government extends to the most affluent countries worldwide, such as the United States and China. In a capitalist economy like that of the United States, wherein individuals enjoy the freedom to possess property and establish businesses for wealth generation and familial support, the government exercises substantial control over China’s means of production and its assortment of manufacturing techniques. It acts as a governing body limiting the types of goods and services businesses produce. Governmental intervention in economic affairs typically assumes a lower magnitude in capitalist economies compared to socialist or communist ones. Nonetheless, it continues to play an indispensable role in various realms, including trade negotiations that can profoundly impact the national economy.

The government ought to refrain from excessive intervention in economic affairs. Instead of being crafted through government blueprints and constraints akin to the Chinese model, the economy should be shaped by entrepreneurs’ endeavors and consumers’ divergent interests. In capitalist countries, monetary and fiscal policies are the government’s exclusive tools to influence economic stability and expansion. Monetary policy entails regulating the influx of financial resources within the economy, while fiscal policies involve the manipulation of taxation and expenditure plans. These tools enable the government to steer the economy toward price stability, diminished unemployment rates, and sustainable growth. However, this arrangement does not entail complete monopolization of the market or manufacturing methodologies. Prices continue to be determined by the interplay of supply and demand in an unfettered market. Capitalism fosters heightened competition, which in turn enhances the quality and efficiency of products. As market forces propel the production of goods and services, incentives arise to maintain low costs and eliminate inefficiencies.

Sentiments associated with communism still possess an allure, particularly amidst the economic upheavals experienced by numerous nations. In the contemporary era, the intricate dynamics of societal organization remain untested and inadequately scrutinized. Nevertheless, the proposition advocating collective ownership of all property evokes trepidation in some quarters and derision in others. While communism attributes the mistreatment of individuals to the tenets of capitalism, the urgency to address this concern on a global scale has waned. The underlying premise of communism posits that individuals ought to organize themselves around the production mechanisms for their existence. However, it is capitalism that currently reigns supreme across the globe. If just and virtuous individuals steered capitalism, its detrimental effects could be mitigated, thereby humanizing its essence. Moreover, communism espouses the complete abolition of property held by the state, private enterprises, and individuals. It seeks to achieve a state of equitable ownership and absolute authority over human civilization.

The purposelessness of the state’s endorsement of human life becomes apparent. A collective mode of production becomes imperative for enabling individuals to lead productive and fulfilling existences. In certain instances, even as earnings may dwindle, a country’s gross domestic product may sporadically surge. As China forsakes democratic governance structures in pursuit of national prosperity and social cohesion, the love for the party is equated with affection for the nation. Unlike China, where dissent among the masses is not tolerated under contemporary communism, opinions are suppressed, and dissenters face prosecution. Human rights violations are rising, with government critics facing legal consequences. The communist party boasts about its achievements in poverty eradication while exerting strict control over the media and internet, curbing access to Western news sources and platforms like Google, YouTube, and other websites. Despite being founded on the premise of perpetual abundance, persecution has perennially been intertwined with communism since its historical inception. It fosters a consolidation of immense power and coerces individuals to relinquish their assets, thereby prioritizing the interests of those in authority.

Ideology is vital in contemporary governance and holds remarkable significance in the modern world to encapsulate it concisely. In democratic societies such as the United Kingdom and the United States, citizens possess diverse perspectives on myriad issues that profoundly impact their lives. The concept of ideology provides individuals with a means to articulate their opinions, even at the most rudimentary level. It enables us to express our views on freedom, the trajectory of governmental leadership, optimal levels of federal expenditure, justice, equitable rights, and the role of the government within society. The social milieu, personal experiences, and introspection profoundly influence how individuals contemplate and interpret political matters and ideological concepts. People rely on their ideological convictions as a cognitive framework to comprehend and make sense of the world. Ideologies serve as an intellectual compass, enabling individuals to navigate their surroundings and critically evaluate political and social developments. The accuracy and integrity of ideologies may vary, with an ideology’s worth being gauged by its correspondence to reality and the objective world.

The emerging interest of younger generations in politics often overlooks that while the primary political entity associated with liberalism has changed, the underlying ideology remains steadfast. My generation tends to overlook the historical reality that the Democratic Party, often linked with liberalism, once endorsed slavery and racial and gender injustices in the 1840s. The Democratic Party did not embrace the liberal principle that all individuals were inherently equal during that time. Democrats within the political framework did not perceive public services as vital for a developing nation or advocate for government assistance to its citizens. It was in the 1850s that the Republican Party emerged, drawing upon a version of the Jeffersonian Tradition that incorporated certain elements aligned with liberalism. They began emphasizing the significance of human rights and addressing the impact of slavery on our nation.

Liberal principles prioritize individual rights protection, minimal government involvement, respecting the rule of law, and valuing human dignity on an inherent level. The two main strands of its intellectual fabric are classical liberalism and contemporary liberalism, each having conceptual intricacies and emphasis. Ideologies and power systems are intertwined. The current political, social, and economic conditions influence politicians’ actions once they have power. Ideology and power are practically hard to separate. Ideologies provide the foundation for the exercise of power.

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