Rhetorical Analysis Outline: Complete Guide with an Example
Literature students have to handle rhetorical analysis essays.
Essentially, this essay requires you to write about another piece of literature.
A student is required to analyze the text to bring out the pathos, logos, and ethos the author portrayed in their work.
In most case, students are required to analyze speeches and other forms of text from famous and influential individuals.
How To Prepare A Rhetorical Analysis Outline
To write an excellent rhetorical analysis outline, you have to learn the art of reading and analyzing text simultaneously.
You should pay special attention to who the author is, their target audience, the purpose of the text, and the setting of the text.
Remember, like most other types of essays, you are trying to persuade or sway the reader to your arguments and point of view.
When writing this type of essay involves analyzing text based on the three rhetorical appeals:
Ethos. How credible is the author? Write about the author’s expertise, pedigree, and accomplishments.
Example: I have been in the Curriculum Development Institute for the past ten years.
Pathos. What is the emotional appeal in the text? In most cases, authors appeal to readers emotions by drawing the feelings of pity or sympathy, and inspiring anger towards the subject of discussion.
Example: Looking at the rate of poor performance among students, and the low rate of employment, how can we not feel obligated to change the education system?
Logos. Look at how the author used the voice of reason and logic. Authors do this by citing statistics, stating facts, and using practical analogies.
Example: According to Statistics South Africa, the youth unemployment rate was 55.2% in the first quarter of 2019, which was a significant increase compared to the same period two years ago.
After analyzing the text, prepare the outline of your paper using the format below.
The introduction, which is the first paragraph, should be brief and straight to the point – the paragraphs in the body are the ones that should provide your detailed analysis.
That said, your introduction should tell the reader about the work and author you are about to analyze.
More importantly, it should clearly present your thesis.
The body is where you will write your analysis; the one you derived from the rhetorical appeals discussed above.
Like the introduction, your conclusion should inform the reader more about the analyzed text.
It should also summarize the main points in the body.
Remember to remind the reader of your thesis by relating it to your main points.
Rhetorical Analysis Outline Example
The following is a rhetorical analysis essay outline template.
- Let the reader know the title of the text you are about to analyze and the author.
- Mention the purpose of the text. What is the central idea behind the author’s work?
- How does the author convey his message?
- Mention the target audience.
- Context of the work. Mention the publication date and the publisher.
- Your thesis. Is the text good? Does it clearly communicate the intended message? Write the thesis of your essay towards the end of the introduction.
- Summary. Start the body of your essay with a paragraph that summarizes the main points in the text.
- Ethos. What is the credibility of the author? Mention the expertise and/or credentials of the author.
- Pathos. How does the author appeal to the emotions of the author? List examples of pathos in the text.
- Logos. Is there a voice of reason and logic in the author’s work? List the examples of logos that you identify in the author’s work.
- Author’s effectiveness. Was the author effective? If so, why. Also, if you think he/she was not effective state the reasons. In short, you are returning to the thesis you included in the introduction.
- Restate the main point of the author.
- Briefly state the rhetorical appeals used, and how they were used.
- Mention any mistakes in the author’s logic.
Writing a rhetorical analysis outline is not as difficult as it seems.
You just need to understand the rhetorical appeals and identify how the author has used them.
The next step is to create an outline that will guide you as you write.
Copy it or bookmark this page for future reference.