Argumentative Essay Outline: How to Structure Your Argumentative Essay

Jan 22, 2020 | 0 comments

Jan 22, 2020 | Guide | 0 comments

What is an Argumentative Essay Outline

An outline, to an essay, is what a plan is for a building.

If you were to build a house without a plan, you would likely run into numerous problems, and the final product will not be as good as expected.

If a good plan minimizes the risk of errors and getting stuck, why not create it?

Students start writing essays without an outline mostly because they do not appreciate the advantages of an outline.

And, even some of those who know its benefits do not know how to come up with an outline.

Having a defined outline makes the essay writing process much simpler. It helps you logically present your ideas and saves you from getting stuck with writer’s block.

We have come with the following guide on creating a high-quality argumentative essay outline with that in mind.

What Is An Argumentative Essay?

What Is An Argumentative Essay?
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An argumentative essay is a piece of writing that takes a stance on an issue. In a good argumentative essay, a writer attempts to persuade readers to understand and support their point of view about a topic by stating their reasoning and providing evidence to back it up. Argumentative essay writing is a common assignment for high school and college students. Generally, argumentative essay topics are related to science, technology, politics, and health care.

In an informative or persuasive essay, you may choose to stick to one side of the discussion. In an argumentative essay, you must address the opposing side’s opinions on the matter. Believe it or not, this will make your own argument stronger. It demonstrates you’re not blind to the issue and are prepared to stand strong.

Argumentative essays require students to use strong arguments to support their point of view and even create arguments to refute opposing views.

It is important to note that you need to use credible evidence to back up your arguments.

Therefore, you have to dedicate ample time to research and gathering data and information.

Combine hard evidence with persuasive language, and you will come up with an excellent argumentative essay.

How To Write A Strong Argumentative Essay Outline?

How To Write A Strong Argumentative Essay Outline?
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An argumentative essay is writing that you can use in many different areas. It follows the same structure as any other paper but has an additional paragraph stating arguments against it and then rebuttals to those statements.

Three types of argument models are used to outline an argumentative essay. There are three basic models for structuring your points: Classical, Toulmin, and Rogerian.

The most commonly used structure in argumentative essay outline is as follows:

  1. Introduction
  2. Main Body
  3. Counter Argument
  4. Conclusion

Let’s take one section at a time to understand how a perfect argumentative essay outline is organized.

Argumentative Essay Introduction

Argumentative Essay Introduction
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Essay introductions act as a roadmap for the entire essay. The introduction paragraph introduces the main argument and provides a brief background of your chosen essay topic. For an argumentative essay, this is where you lay the foundation for your arguments to come in later on.

The argumentative essay introduction is one paragraph that should introduce the reader to your topic and your point of view.

In a well-organized introduction, you should include three essential components:

  1. Hook statement
  2. Background information on the topic
  3. Thesis statement

Let’s see all of them one by one in detail:

1) Hook Statement

A hook statement is the beginning of an essay that grabs and holds your reader’s attention. It compels them to read on, so make it count.

Begin your introduction with a hook. The first statement should grab the attention of the reader. For an argumentative essay, a hook can be a controversial statement, a less-known fact, a piece of statistical data, or an intriguing question.

2) Background Information

The opening of an essay should have a concise and informative introduction that outlines the main argument. The reader will be able to more easily follow your reasoning when you provide background information about your topic, so they know what it is you’re talking about.

Explain the importance of the topic. What is the importance of talking about that topic?

Explain why you are talking about the subject and let the reader know your point of view.

.3) Thesis Statement

Present your thesis statement. Clearly, state the argument or claim you will support in the body of your essay.

The thesis statement of your essay should explain the main point and purpose of writing your essay. Your entire essay revolves around the thesis; the body paragraphs present information and evidence to defend your thesis.

A good argumentative essay thesis statement should be clear and have a definite point of view. A successful one will highlight why the reader should read your article or give them insight into what it is about. It must also provide reasons for its position that are understandable to most people who would read this paper to make sure others find their arguments persuasive.

Argumentative Essay Body Paragraphs

Argumentative Essay Body Paragraphs
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In the body paragraph, you provide evidence that strengthens your argument. You make clear to readers why they should accept your claim by pointing out all of the reasons.

A claim is the central argument of an essay, and it poses as one of the most important parts of academic papers. In fact, the paper’s effectiveness, complexity, and overall quality depend on the claims you make. The primary purpose of claim in essay writing is to define the paper’s goals, direction, scope, and support of the argument.

The goal is to prove how strong your argument is by providing supporting arguments with credible sources for a stronger presentation based on facts.

Several paragraphs provide arguments to support your main argument.

Each supporting argument should be in its paragraph.

You could start with the arguments supporting your claim, then finish with sections refuting the opposing views.

Or, you could start with a paragraph that refutes the main opposing view, then continue to support your claim in the paragraphs that follow.

A well-written body paragraph should state four things:

  1. Purpose
  2. Topic sentence
  3. Evidence
  4. Concluding statement

Here is the detail of every part:

The purpose: Why are you making an argument about a particular issue?

Topic sentence: The topic sentence of a paragraph should focus on just one point only. This sentence is an example of why focusing on one idea in a paragraph would be better. It helps the reader understand your argument and enables them to follow along easily.

Provide evidence: The most important aspect of research for the paper is to make sure that you have collected authentic evidence from credible sources. This means using facts with examples and statistics to support your thesis statement and support what you said in my topic sentence.

Concluding sentence: The conclusion should show how clearly and succinctly the author conveys their message to readers to understand a topic or claim better.

Argumentative Essay Counter Arguments Paragraph

Argumentative Essay Counter Arguments Paragraph
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The counter-argument is the opposing side of your argument in the argumentative essay. You will prove wrong by outlining and elaborating specific reasons. In this paragraph, you should mention the opposing arguments that someone might make against your arguments and refute them one by one. Conclude with a strong statement to reinforce what has been said so far in the argumentative essay.

State the opponents’ views and use the evidence, reliable sources to debunk or refute them. Just like with the previous section, you also have to elaborate on why it’s wrong and support it with evidence for every opposing argument. This way, your reader is more convinced that the claims you made are, indeed, correct.

Argumentative Essay Conclusion

Argumentative Essay Conclusion
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The conclusion is a paragraph that sums up your main points and your argument.

To end a good argumentative essay, the author needs to summarize what they said throughout their entire piece and provide an actionable call to action. This is just as important as the introductory paragraph because it reminds readers of your arguments in this paper.

In this section, remind your readers of the importance of the topic, restate your thesis, and relate it to your supporting arguments.

Readers mostly remember the ending of any piece. Therefore, you must create a strong conclusion that will stick in the readers’ minds for a long.

Inform the readers that after a careful analysis of both sides of the argument, you have come to no other conclusion than that side A is more accurate. From all the facts analyzed in your discussion thus far, it’s clear that there are many benefits and few disadvantages to this issue. The author makes a compelling point defending their position and backs it up by explaining its importance without making unfounded claims.

You can create a memorable conclusion by ending it with a rhetorical question, a statement that inspires the reader to conduct further research, or a call to action.

Similarly, when writing your argumentative essay conclusion, you can either propose a solution to the problem or make predictions about what will happen if your argument is believed. You should also outline how things could turn out if it isn’t taken seriously and explain why people might be resistant to believing in your claim at first glance.

Ultimately, readers will have their own opinion of whether they believe this idea is true or not. So give them some incentive for thinking that way.

Argumentative Essay Outline Graphic Organizer(PDF)

To efficiently structure your essay, you can use this argumentative essay outline, graphic organizer.




Argumentative Essay Outline Template


  • Hook: Begin with an anecdote, a piece of statistic, an intriguing question, or a controversial statement.
  • Explain why the topic is important and why people should care.
  • State your thesis statement: What is your point of view? (Also, you could briefly state the arguments you will use to back up your claim).


  • Argument #1: State your argument by crafting it into a topic statement. Use an in-citation from one of your sources to support it. Mention different points to support the argument.
  • Argument #2: State your argument by crafting it into a topic statement. Use an in-citation from one of your sources to support it. Mention different points to support the argument.
  • Argument #3: State your argument by crafting it into a topic statement. Use an in-citation from one of your sources to support it. Mention different points to support the argument.

NB: You could show how your arguments refute a related opposing view in each paragraph or a separate section.


  • Restate your thesis statement
  • Sum up your arguments
  • Conclude by asking a rhetorical question based on your argument or asking your readers to do something about the topic of discussion.

Copy the template above and use it each time you are preparing to write an argumentative essay.

Argumentative Essay Outline Example

Now, let us put the information above into perspective.

The following is an outline prepared by one of our writers, preparing to write an argumentative essay titled: Isn’t illegalizing abortion violating women’s rights?


  • Hook: Mention statistical data on the prevalence of abortion.
  • Explain why there is divided opinion on the topic of abortion. Highlight the reasons why a woman might opt for abortion and why some people are against the practice.
  • State your thesis: There are concrete reasons you legalized abortion in the first place: amending the constitution to illegalize abortion is a disregard of women’s rights and will definitely cost some women important opportunities.


  • Argument #1: Women have a right to their own bodies. Support this argument using different points drawn from your sources.
  • Argument #2: Illegalizing it will increase abortion-related fatalities, as people will still seek abortion services. Support this argument using different points drawn from your sources.
  • Argument #3: It is not fair for a mistake to shape the rest of a woman’s life. You could support such an argument by referring to cases of rape and unwanted pregnancies.


  • Restate your thesis: Abortion should remain a choice if we are to term ourselves a progressive generation.
  • Sum up your arguments
  • Conclude by asking a rhetorical question based on your argument or asking your readers to do something about the topic of discussion. For instance: Why are politician diverting their attention from the war on terror to start a war on ovaries?

Argumentative Essay Outline Examples

Provided below are sample argumentative essay outline formats that you can use in writing an argumentative essay.

Argumentative Essay Outline Example (PDF)




Argumentative Essay Outline Worksheet (PDF)




5 Paragraph Argumentative Essay Outline (PDF)




MLA Format Argumentative Essay Outline (PDF)




Social Media Argumentative Essay Outline (PDF)




Abortion Argumentative Essay Outline (PDF)




Gun Control Argumentative Essay Outline (PDF)




Hire An Experienced Argumentative Essay Writer

We have shown you how to create an argumentative essay outline, provided you with an outline template, and demonstrated how to use the template.

So, basically, you have all you need to research and start writing your argumentative essay.

Remember to copy and save the outline template above or bookmark this page for future reference.

Getting a good grade on your essay doesn’t have to be hard. Reach out to us and get the best essay writing help from experts. Get the help you need from professional writers with our essay writing service today. We assist with all types of papers, including argumentative essays and research paper outlines. Place your order now to get started right away!


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