Thesis statement: Professional Writing Guide (2019) 

Thesis Statement

The papers requested in tertiary education are meant to convince or persuade a reader to agree with your point of view.

A good paper, therefore, will effectively convince a reader that you not only have an excellent idea but also a logical point of view on a given subject or topic.

For that reason, after introducing the topic of discussion, you write your thesis statement, which is mostly a sentence or two.

Your thesis statement declares your position on the topic of discussion; it tells your reader your focus idea and guides them towards the direction you will take.

In other words, a thesis statement is a summary of the argument in the body of your paper.

The thesis statement of your paper appears in two places – the introduction and the conclusion.

You write your thesis statement in the conclusion to remind the readers the point you have been trying to make throughout the paper.

However, in conclusion, you will have to rephrase your thesis: you can’t simply repeat it as you phrased it in the introduction.

The wording and the sentence structure of your thesis statement in the last paragraph have to be different.

The following is a guide on how to go about writing your theis statement, restating a thesis statement, how to write your racism thesis statement, and interesting thesis statement examples.

What Is A Thesis Statement?

A thesis statement is a claim you present for your essay.

You write it towards the end of the introduction, i.e., after introducing the reader to the topic and its significance.

The thesis statement informs the reader of your stand on the topic of discussion.

All the arguments you make in your paper should support your thesis statement.

The task of coming up with a thesis statement seems so tricky.

But, what you are failing to realize is that you do not have to write it first, and you can always change it to match the theme of your paper.

It is easier to match your thesis to your paper than to match your paper with your thesis.

How To Rephrase A Thesis Statement

Figure out a suitable position for your restatement

Most of the time, the restatement comes at the beginning of the conclusion.

However, it does not necessarily have to be the first sentence.

For example, you could begin your conclusion with a rhetorical question, then a restatement of your thesis.

But, there is no clear-cut formula for writing a conclusion.

It helps to write a rough draft of your conclusion so you can figure out the ideal position for your thesis restatement.

In fact, you might have to test several positions of the restatement so you can figure out the most ideal.

Make it have a deeper impact

By the time a reader gets to the conclusion, they have gone through the rest of the essay.

Therefore, they have a better idea of what the essay is all about and your stand on the topic of discussion.

Take advantage of all this by restating your thesis statement in a way that it will have a deeper level of emotional impact.

One way of restating a thesis with a deeper meaning is addressing the reader.

Let’s say your essay discusses cybersecurity for small businesses, you could start your thesis restatement by saying, “As a small business owner, …”

Such a statement creates a connection with the reader and will help relate the points in the body of the essay to your thesis.

Answer the “so what” question in your thesis statement

The thesis statement in the introduction might not answer the ‘so what’ question.

The one in the conclusion should because the reader has already gone through the main points of your argument.

Answering the ‘so what’ question tells your reader the significance of your argument.

And, telling your readers the significance of your argument adds weight to your thesis.

Let’s say your paper is about the impact of drug abuse in college.

You could address the ‘so what’ question by restating your thesis statement as follows:

Drug abuse in colleges is slowly becoming an epidemic at the watch of college authorities and parents who can help contain this problem by widening their perspective to accommodate more effective solutions such as helping the youth find better ways to deal with stress and frustration.

Avoid clichés

When rephrasing your thesis statement, do not start with clichés such as ‘In conclusion’.

Such starts are boring and do not add meaning to your thesis.

Also, such phrases and your lecturer will simply conclude you lack creativity.

To avoid these phrases, start your conclusion using a fresh take of what the paper discusses or a rhetorical question related to your argument.

Do not make apologies

When writing your conclusion, you should be confident that you have given enough proof in the body of your paper.

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So, as you restate your thesis and as you write other sentences in your conclusion do not make apologetic statements.

Such statements include:

  • It is possible that…
  • It seems like…
  • It is just my opinion…

These phrases undermine your argument and make it seem like you are not confident in the evidence you have provided.

However, if the topic of discussion was just a possibility, you can use such language.

Also, do not use absolute language if your essay includes two opposing viewpoints; you might alienate some of your readers.

How to make the restatement different from the original thesis

The following are tips on how to make the thesis restatement sound different:

Vary the structure of the statement

One of the best ways to rephrase the thesis is by changing the structure.

If you began the thesis with a prepositional clause, restate it by starting with the subject.

Let’s say the original thesis started, “During the beginning of the twentieth century in Africa, colonialists…”

In the restatement, you could say, “Colonialists in Africa in the early twentieth century…”

Change the tense

The thesis statement in the introduction is probably in the future tense since you were informing the readers what they should expect.

For instance, “This paper will examine the prevalence of drug abuse among the youth…”

When rephrasing the thesis statement in the conclusion, you can use past tense since you are telling the reader what you have already discussed.

Change the wording

Identify the crucial words and phrases in the original statements and replace them with stronger synonyms.

You can use the Thesaurus Function in your word processor, an online thesaurus, or the traditional hardcopy dictionary to look for synonyms.

You cannot replace everything, especially prepositions, and articles.

Therefore, you should focus on changing the adjectives, adverbial phrases and nouns that add meaning to the point you are trying to put across.

Break it up

The thesis statement in your introduction is probably brief, a sentence or two.

But, in the conclusion, you have the liberty to make it longer.

So, break up the points and spread them across several sentences, or even a paragraph.

Not only will the thesis statement read and sound different, but also show how well you have proven your argument in the body of the essay.

Conclusion

Restating a thesis statement is important if you are to write a good conclusion to your essay.

The restated thesis should emphasize your stand on the topic of discussion.

Therefore, it should make it persuasive and definitive.

And, the tips shared above will help you do just that.

Racism thesis statement 

As a student, you will handle a wide range of subjects and assignments.

One topic that is popular for essays and research papers is racism.

There are a lot of resources on the topic, so students tend to assume a racism essay is easy.

The challenge you will face with a racism essay is not content, but coming up with a thesis statement.

A racism thesis statement should be powerful and something your audience can understand and relate.

In this article, you will find useful guidelines and tips on how to write a racism thesis statement and examples of racism thesis statements.

Tips On How To Write A Racism Thesis Statement

Before writing your racism thesis statement, consider the following guidelines.

  1. Find a racism topic or issue to write about

Racism is a broad issue that continues to plague the world even today.

For that reason, it shouldn’t be difficult to find an informative topic from which you can develop a thesis statement.

You can choose to approach racism through other social issues such as art, politics, economy, equitability, poverty, and history.

2. Pick a topic that is interesting to you

You might not be familiar with all the issues surrounding racism.

And, as mentioned earlier, racism is a broad topic; there are many approaches you can take in your paper.

Therefore, to have an easier time developing a thesis, pick a racism topic that interests you.

For instance, if you are conversant with the history of America, your thesis statement could focus on the effects of racism during the Civil Rights Movement that began in 1954 and ended in 1968.

3. Hook your reader

As you write your thesis statement, try to include a hook.

A hook is a statement that grabs the attention of a reader.

Try hooking your reader by relating your thesis to popular culture.

You could even refer to current issues on the news or even relate to popular television programs, movies, or books.

4. Avoid offensive language

Remember racism is a personal issue; it is open to bias depending on your line of thinking.

Therefore, most of the issues surrounding this topic are controversial.

When discussing a controversial topic in an academic paper, avoid offensive and rude language.

Examples Of Racism Thesis Statements

To get a good score in your racism related research paper or essay, you need a well-thought-out and well-constructed thesis statement.

The following are examples of thesis statements in different racism topics.

Existence of racism

Such an essay tries to prove that racial segregation is still a significant social problem.

Therefore, your thesis statement should focus on the problems racial segregation causes.

Consider the following example:

It is a fact that police killings involving people of color are more compared to white people. Joshua Correll of the University of Colorado, confirmed this when he designed a game where the participants played cops. The results of the game indicated that, despite the race of the people playing cop, they were more willing to kill a person of color and showed hesitation when the suspect was a white person. This shows that racism continues to plague society.

Workplace-related racism

Racism is a form of prejudice often experienced in a workplace environment.

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A workplace racism thesis statement could read as follows:

Prejudice in a workplace environment is a backward practice that undermines productivity. In the professional sphere, whites are considered to be mentally superior and therefore they get the top jobs which pay higher wages. Blacks are considered to be physically endowed, and therefore they land physical labor jobs, which generally pay lower.

Anti-racism movements

Anti-racism is a phrase that was coined by people who formed movements to fight the consequences of racism.

The greatest anti-racist movement was the one led by Martin Luther King Jr between the early 50s and the late 60s.

Another key antiracist figure was Nelson Madiba Mandela of South Africa.

Anti-racism also covers the beliefs and policies set to combat racial discrimination.

An anti-racism essay thesis statement should evoke emotion from a reader.

The following is an example:

Anti-racism movement leaders were treated inhumanely; Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 27 years and Martin Luther King Junior was assassinated. But, without them, society today would not be as egalitarian as it is. Their sacrifices are the sole reason blacks and whites can walk on the same street and even work together to create a brighter future.

Cause and effect

You can choose to write about the cause and effect of racism.

For example, ignorance is a cause of racism that results in fear and eventually violence.

The following is an example of a thesis statement that focuses on ignorance and fear as the primary causes of racism.

Undoubtedly racism has negative consequences, key among them being fear and violence, as a result of a need to protect themselves. One major cause of racism is ignorance. Uneducated and unexposed feel threatened by people of a different race. Such people condone and practice this prejudice without considering it has negative effects and consequences on both the individuals they are discriminating and the society at large.

Racism Thesis statements based on art and literature

Books, music, and movies cover a wide variety of racism topics.

The following are examples of literary and artworks you can base a racism essay on:

  1. Othello

Othello is a play by Shakespeare that addresses some delicate societal issues such as racism.

You could develop a thesis statement highlighting the racism in the play.

Othello, who was black, was highly disrespected by Lago, and other characters such as Emilia, Roderigo, and Brabantio. These characters labeled him ‘Barbary horse’, ‘an old black ram’, ‘thick lips’ and other demeaning names. He was also abused for marrying a Venetian woman. All this shows that there is a strong conviction that one race is superior to the other and a barbaric intolerance towards the ‘inferior’ race.

2. To kill a mocking bird

This book by Harper Lee is popular for the way it portrayed the struggles of a black man in the southern states in the early 20th century.

The book is a good source for a racism essay as it depicts racism and effects in an easily comprehensible way.

The following is an example of a racism thesis statement from To Kill a Mocking Bird:

Tom Robinson was suspected of murdering Mayella Ewell, a white woman, and was sentenced not because there was any evidence but because he was black. White characters, like Atticus Finch, Scout, and Jem, who tried to defend him were given shaming names such as ‘Nigger lovers’. The story in the book clearly shows the tribulations a black man went through and how his word meant nothing.

3.Disney films

Disney films are popular for their interesting and fascinating stories, as well as the world class acting and production.

However, close scrutiny of several films and you will realize there is a certain degree of racial prejudice in the way the films portray characters.

The following is an example of a thesis statement focusing on the racial prejudice in Disney films:

There is a significant degree of racial prejudice in the way Disney portray characters in their films. For example, in Jungle Book, the gorillas communicated in an African vernacular language. Another example is in Lady and the Tramp where the cat villains had slanted eyes and spoke with an East Asian accent. The film production company has a tendency to portray protagonists as white and antagonists as people of color.

4. Advertisements

The advertisement sector also depicts racial discrimination.

To demonstrate, consider this thesis statement:

Several surveys show that black people are underrepresented in commercials, both mainstream media, and online ads. According to the US Census Bureau 2010 records, blacks, and other racial minorities represent 30% of the population. Yet, only 7% of ads involve black people while the other racial minorities are hardly ever represented.

Conclusion

Racism is a fairly easy subject for an essay and research paper.

However, it has so many sources and so many different points of view that selecting one idea to focus on creating a thesis statement can be problematic.

But, with the guidelines shared above developing a thesis statement for your racism essay will not be as difficult.

Remember, you need to let the reader know your point of view and you should demonstrate your objectiveness on the issue.

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Thesis Statement Examples

Thesis Statement Examples
Thesis Statement Examples

A thesis statement is a crucial part of any academic paper.

Not only do you need a strong and valid thesis statement, but you also need to create persuasive arguments to support it.

If you are to develop a good thesis statement, you need to understand the definition of a thesis statement, why you need to include a thesis statement in your academic paper, and what makes a good thesis statement.

We have addressed all those things in this article.

Plus, there are examples to demonstrate how to create a good thesis statement.

Additionally, we have included a section on how to avoid common thesis statement mistakes.

How To Phrase A Thesis Statement – With  Thesis Statement Examples

A good thesis statement clearly and transparently answers a specific question.

In this section, we are going to show you three examples of thesis statements with explanations why they were developed that way.

Thesis statement example 1: Cycling in the morning and evening promotes heart health in adults.

This thesis statement addresses the question of whether cycling is healthy.

The statement makes it very clear that cycling is healthy.

Another way to phrase such a thesis would be ‘cycling is healthy’.

But that is a very general statement.

What makes this example of a thesis statement strong is because it is precise and states why cycling is healthy (it improves heart health), and for whom cycling is healthy (adults).

The takeaway here is that a good thesis statement does not state the obvious.

Your thesis statement should provide your reader with extra information.

Telling your reader what they already know does make them interested in continuing to read your paper.

Note that, the point of an academic paper is not to address something readers already know and agree with.

A good academic paper should present your point of view and bring up an argument that is both challengeable and debatable.

Thesis statement example 2: The initial cost of school uniforms seems why, but uniforms promote equality by removing the visual income difference between students.

This thesis statement answers the question ‘should school uniforms be introduced in our institutions?’

It is a strong thesis because, first, it cites one reason why some people are against uniforms, then provides a very valid importance of uniforms.

A reader will be interested in reading the arguments supporting the notion that uniforms promote equality.

Thesis statement example 3: The internet has improved the quality of life.

This thesis statement is for an essay about the advantages of the internet.

However, it is an extremely weak thesis.

Most readers already know the internet has improved lives.

So, why should they read your paper?

Readers would have been interested in reading the arguments in such a paper if the thesis statement was specific on how the internet has improved lives, and whose lives it has developed.

What Makes A Good Thesis Statement?

There is no specific answer to that question because what will be a good thesis for an argumentative essay will not be so strong for an informative essay, a persuasive essay, and other types of papers.

A thesis statement for an informative essay should provide a general overview of the topic, and a brief summary of the main points in the essay.

For example:

Research indicates that sleep improves productivity by refreshing the body’s energy levels, reducing the buildup of stress hormones, consolidating memory.

For most essays and academic papers, follow the rule of three when developing your thesis statement.

The rule of three dictates that your thesis should provide three important pieces of information, especially if you are writing an informative or expository essay.

Following the rule of three, means that the thesis statement for argumentative and persuasive essays should provide three good reasons why you have a valid claim.

The rule of three is especially helpful when developing a thesis statement for middle school and high school essays.

These essays take the five-paragraph structure.

Providing three points in your thesis allows you to focus on each point in its own paragraph in the body of your essay.

However, university level papers are lengthier and often have a more complex structure.

Therefore, you should develop a thesis statement that matches the length, purpose, and structure of the paper.

The following is an example of a university-level research paper:

The society, media, and religion still uphold traditional family values. These family values insist on the father-mother-child nuclear family structure. This conventional family structure is outdated and has negative psychological effects on children from single-parent families.

That is a good thesis statement because it informs the reader what the paper is all about and clearly presents the writer’s point of view.

The statement is also good because it provides the writer with a roadmap for acquiring relevant data when conducting research.

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Common Thesis Statement Mistakes

  • Choosing to write about a topic you are not interested in or familiar with.
  • Choosing a point of view or argument you cannot validate with strong evidence from your sources.
  • Using words that express uncertainty such as, may, might, could, should.
  • Going with an obvious claim that is not challengeable – there is no point researching and arguing an indisputable claim.

Conclusion

A thesis statement should be precise, provide an answer to a specific question, communicate your stance clearly, and allow debate.

If you experience problems building your own thesis statement, refer to the examples and tips shared in this article.

Alternatively, contact us for professional thesis statement help.

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