Theory of knowledge: Plato and Aristotle

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Theory of knowledge: Plato and Aristotle

Introduction

Knowledge has a wide range of definition, to others knowledge is wisdom and the ability to think and solve difficult situations. Locke one of the famously known philosophers defines knowledge as having connection, agreement or disagreement of ideas. Locke’s definition is tied to the objective of knowledge. In the doctrine of recollection, knowledge is said to exist within every human being (Hill, 2006). Plato equates knowledge to perception. Aristotle, on the other hand, is of the view that knowledge are the ideas and opinions a person has and people gain knowledge with the help of educators (Aristotle, 1976). Additionally the doctrine states that this knowledge is brought to life by recollection. According to Plato and Aristotle, knowledge is recollection. They also emphasize the need to distinguish real knowing from the knowing of the professors’ and experts that sell information to the highest bidder. In this paper, we shall discuss beliefs of these two philosophers and the reasons for their belief. We shall also explain why people may have access to information but have little understanding of the knowledge they possess.

The Phaedo theory of recollection is a theory of learning; it explains that for one to understand any subject they must be able to tell the kind of learning. On the other hand, Socrates is of the opinion that recollection is only possible if we have the form in mind through our senses and perceptions. Socrates therefore, is of the view that all human beings are capable of recollection Phaedo divides the theory of recollection into ordinary interpretations or learning and the complicated interpretations. The complicated interpretation is only possible for philosophers while the ordinary one is applicable to all human beings. In the complicated interpretation, there is philosophical in nature and supports the understanding and reflection of an argument.

Plato recognizes in the doctrine of recollection that learning requires common sense and that recollection is achievable by all. Through the discussion between Cebes and Simmias on the theory of forms. In this discussion, Socrates makes it clear that he is interested in the origin of knowledge claiming that he and Simmias have equality. The doctrine of recollection supports Cebes claim that knowledge is achieved from previous experiences. Plato explains that when people are faced with problems and trying to find solutions to the problems, they always recall on previous experiences to determine what the right way of solving that problem is. Plato draws this theory from the Learners paradox. In the learners, paradox explains how someone can learn something even when the concept is new to them. The theory of recollection solves the learner’s paradox. The paradox is an inquiry of when does someone know something they cannot learn; it means; therefore, a person cannot know what they do not know, and they can neither look for it or find a way to learn it. Looking at the paradox one notices the challenges it introduces to learning. Learning involves inquiry of knowledge of something we are not aware of, and when such a person lacks the ability to learn then, they are likely not to learn anything at all (Franklin, 2005).

On the other hand, Aristotle believes that when only stops the efforts of learning if they realize their potential. He called the process o.............


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