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The Theories of Crime.
There exist different theoretical explanations of crime. These explanations are embedded in theories such as the classical theory, positivism, biological, cultural, family, genetic and realism just to mention a few. This section shall discuss all these theories.
The classical theory holds the view that an Individual has the communication ability to make a choice between offending and not offending. It is therefore suitable for an offender to be punished because they had the choice to do the right thing. In the classical theory, the laws should be enacted should foster a similarity where they affect all human kind. Punishment should also not be too severe or too little, it should match the severity of the crime. In addition, the punishment of sentencing methods should be one that prevents criminal behavior. The sanctions imposed should be useful enough that after the sentence the offender is dejected from crime as soon as possible. This theory was primarily approved because it was seen as a huge developmental step on the previous bitty system.
The positivism theory is used in medicine and sciences. The theory was created to reduce crime, it follows the assumption that an individual consumes no choice in obligating to the crime then it is incorrect to punish that individual for actions outside their control. This theory disregards the idea of avoidance of crime and instead suggests that individuals must be skilled to help feel the determination towards their problem. This rule is called rehabilitation. Philosophers argued .............
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