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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 3

1.1 Context for the Research 3

1.2 Aims for the Proposed Research 3

1.2.1 Research aim 3

1.2.2 Research Objectives 3

1.2.3 Research Questions 4

1.3 Rationale for the Proposed Research 4

1.4 Scope of research 5

Chapter 2Literature review 5

2.1 Previous literary review 5

2.2 Youth offenders- ABS 5

2.4 Literary gap 8

2.5 Summary 9

Chapter 3 Research Design 9

3.1 Epistemology and theoretical perspective 9

3.2 Research methods 10

3.3 Population and sampling methods 11

3.4 Ethics 11

3.5 Data analysis 12

3.6 Dissemination 13

Chapter 4 Conclusion and recommendations 13

4.1 Conclusions 13

4.2 Recommendations 13

Appendix 16

Participant information sheet 16

Informed consent form 18

Chapter 1 Introduction

The context for the Research

High-quality research within a social context is significant for several reasons. Research within a social context is performed in evaluating the efficiency of the practice in which individuals engage in different programs using knowledge, experience, and skills in gaining research efforts. The research is performed among a group of individuals assessing the needs and resources. It helps in performing research using relative costs and resources building competencies among individuals. It is important to adapt to different knowledge, values, norms, and skills. Research work helps students to gain research curiosity and evaluate how empirical work becomes crucial in performing research-based social work. The study inculcates research methods in developing problem statements performing data analysis, dissemination, and research-based practice providing deep insight into reasons for the increased rate of youth offenders in Australia.

1.2 Aims for the Proposed Research

1.2.1 Research aim

The research aims at identifying the reasons for an increasing number of youth offenders in and around Australia. The study uses various approaches in conducting the research focusing on the interpretive approach and critical approach. The critical approach allows the researcher to undergo critical thought in revealing negative or faulty sociological claims. The critical approach focuses on a set of theories and models in identifying notions and thought processes of society and culture. Research tends to analyze and question claims that have been made previously and ensure new mode interpretation gaining possibilities of the outcome. While the interpretive approach provides the researcher with different points of view. It helps in performing research analyzing aspects of youth offenders and what led to their growth with deeper insight. This is done by accessing different aspects of reality and how earlier it has been neglected.

Research Objectives

  • Evaluate various nature of social work research
  • Incorporate research methodologies in surveying proposed social questions
  • Use appropriate research methodology in analyzing different situations
  • Initiate the development of personal and professional skills to tender opportunities for research
  • Ensure that the research work performed to enlarge the scope of work and study
  • Ensure that the research work is aligned with research objectives
  • Provide relevant and authentic data
  • Provide necessary loopholes earlier to ignore and recommend possible solutions for growth

Research Questions

The research questions the reasons why there are there a growing number of youth offenders in Australia and what the factors are that lead to their disappointments.

  1. What are the reasons for the growth in youth offenders?
  2. Have you been suffering from mental illness?
  3. What do you think of society and parental responsibility towards children suffering from mental ill-health?
  4. Does society contribute to mental pressure?
  5. What leads one to major disappointments?
  6. What are the side effects of mental health?
  7. Do you recommend clinical battle or self-improvement approaches?
  8. How well do you think can one make areas of mental health problems and preventive measures?

1.3 Rationale for the Proposed Research

The research implies greater significance as it contributes to understanding in gravest debates of Australians. It is found that adults and teenagers are suffering from They also play a major role in ensuring the good standards of the health of society members. There has been an emphasis on concerns about mental health for the last 10 years with a considerable increase. The reasons for youth offenders are homicide, an overdose of income taxes and personal revenues. However, as much as the healthcare system in Canada is social and universal, the plan does not cater for drugs, abusive behavior, and other natural causes. Adolescence is a period of transition; where one reaches a state of heightened position. The research here delves into the reasons, bringing in development opportunities. It ensures activities like awareness programs, self-development schemes and awareness of, range of physical and academic challenges that will help in fighting back severe mental health issues. The study focuses on how adults can establish their identities through competency. Most importantly, it acts as guidelines for youth who are seeking greater independence and facing pressures from home and social environments. It questions several respondents (irrespective of color, gender, and sex) to study depressive orders and how they have been battling over time.

Scope of research

The research enlarges the scope of studying mental ill health issues in a wider context. It broadens the area of research enlarging core mechanisms, security, and robustness of research, manageability, and usability, economic viability, theoretical foundations in understanding various reasons that force youth to undertake ill actions. The scope of research aims at deriving social needs and requirements through high-level conceptualization, privacy, large-scale management, and economic viability and needs of social change. The study is conducted within college premises, gatherings of youth people, study center but can be developed on a sampling of a household survey.

Chapter 2Literature review

2.1 Previous literary review

According to Kinner et al. 2015, young offenders in Australia are highly at a risk for preventable death after the release of custody. The study of this chapter has aimed to define the process and causes of the risk factors that are associated with the death of the young offenders that is basically from the orders of the community-based. The mortality rate has been highly increased in the age group between 10 to 17 years of age.

According to Cunneen, 2017, the paper has analyzed the use of the community for the young individual in regards to the various jurisdictions in Australia that have created a great impact in the indigenous communities. It has also argued the fact that different programs have ignored the rights of Aboriginals in regards to self-determination and it has to provide simplified mechanisms for the indigenous communities.

2.2 Youth offenders- ABS

The chapter mainly aims to present the characteristics of young people who are known to be offenders. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the age of the offenders mainly ranges between 10 – 17 years (Pitt et al. 2016). They are mainly preceded in the juvenile court. The characteristic of the offenders mainly involves sex and age and that also includes the principle offenses conducted by the principal offenders was handed over by the police. Some of the offenses are thus mainly excluded from the recorded crime (Broidy et al. 2015). Accord to the ABS report, more than 55,000 of the youth offenders were recorded by the police and during 2016, there was a consequent number of the offenses recorded by the youth and their age mainly ranges between 10 to 17 years and for the fourth consecutive year the youth offenders accounted by 14 percent of the total population and they were mainly. The people aged between 10 to 17 years mainly belong to the Australian residency. The rate of offenders among the youth has been tremendously increased in 2017. Among 2,330 offenders, it has been noticed that 10,000 offenders ranged from 10 to 17 years of age. In 2017, it has been also reported that more than 100,000 youth were the youths and that for the generated population. The crime rate among the youths is more in South Australia, Tasmania and the people belong from the other territory. In the 2016 year, as measured per 100,000 person’s age between 10 to 17 years of age, and it is the highest in the Northern Territory the crime range is around 2,962 and in the Australian territory of the capital, the crime report recorded was around 884. It is worth mentioning the fact that the proportion of youth offenders is highest in Western Australia that ages range from 10 to 17 years of age. It is to be noted that 16 percent of the total offenders are mainly from Australia (Williams et al.2015).

Since the period of 2008 and 2009, the total number of youth offenders has mainly declined in the offense categories (Anyon et al. 2016). The highest percentage decreases in the offense category. It is said that homicide and related offenses that were fallen by 67 percent. There was an offense against the justice that is fallen by 60 percent. The figure rounded was rounded from 1500 to 608. The property damage issues were fallen by 53 percent by youths in Australia (Cunneen, 2017).

From the expected trends it has been seen that illicit health to ensure the safety of prescribed drugs. This paper discuss the recall of tetrazepam drug has been increased by 47 percent since 2008 and in 2009 and it has been tremendously increased by 35 percent. Sexual assault and related offenses have been increased at a higher rate by 35 percent since 2009, the increased rate of the drug offenses has increased from 3920 to 5760 and the related offenses related to sexual assault has increased by 35 percent among the youth offenders. The number of figures has been increased from 1103 to 1490. The youth offenders’ rate in Australia is generally higher in males as compared to females in Australia. The 70 percent of the youth offenders was recorded to be around 70 percentages as compared to females it was around 30 percentages (Tonry, 2018).

2.3 Understanding and preventing indigenous offending

In this regard, most of the offenders found to be a nonindigenous prisoner, Survey for national data has been collected to provide information concerning the principal offense that has charged by police for the people aged 10, and as per the recorded report, over the period of 2008-09 and adults that has been incarcerated on 30 June 2009. In.............

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