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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 3

1.1 Context for the Research 3

1.2 Aims for the Proposed Research 3

1.2.1 Research aim 3

1.2.2 Research Objectives 3

1.2.3 Research Questions 4

1.3 Rationale for the Proposed Research 4

1.4 Scope of research 5

Chapter 2Literature review 5

2.1 Previous literary review 5

2.2 Youth offenders- ABS 5

2.4 Literary gap 8

2.5 Summary 9

Chapter 3 Research Design 9

3.1 Epistemology and theoretical perspective 9

3.2 Research methods 10

3.3 Population and sampling methods 11

3.4 Ethics 11

3.5 Data analysis 12

3.6 Dissemination 13

Chapter 4 Conclusion and recommendations 13

4.1 Conclusions 13

4.2 Recommendations 13

Appendix 16

Participant information sheet 16

Informed consent form 18

Chapter 1 Introduction

Context for the Research

High quality research within social context is significant for several reasons. Research within social context is performed in evaluating efficiency of the practice in which individuals engage in different programs using knowledge, experience and skills in gaining research efforts. The research is performed among group of individuals assessing the needs and resources. It helps in performing research using relative costs and resources building competencies among individuals. It is important to adapt with different knowledge, values, norms and skills. Research work helps students to gain curiosity regarding research and evaluate how empirical work becomes crucial in performing research based onto social work. The study inculcates research methods in developing problem statement performing data analysis, dissemination and research-based practice providing deep insight into reasons for increased rate of youth offenders in Australia.

1.2 Aims for the Proposed Research

1.2.1 Research aim

The research aims at identifying the reasons for increasing number of youth offenders in and around Australia. The study uses various approaches in conducting the research focusing on interpretive approach and critical approach. Critical approach allows the researcher to undergo critical thought in revealing negative or faulty sociological claims. Critical approach focuses on set of theories and models in identifying notions and thought process of society and culture. Research tends to analyze and question claims that has been made previously and ensure new mode interpretation gaining possibilities of outcome. While interpretive approach provides researcher with different points of view. It helps in performing research analyzing aspects of youth offenders and what led to its growth with deeper insight. This is done by accessing different aspects of reality and how earlier it has been neglected.

Research Objectives

  • Evaluate various nature of social work research
  • Incorporate research methodologies in conducting survey on proposed social questions
  • Use appropriate research methodology in analysing different situations
  • Initiate development of personal and professional skills to tender opportunities for research
  • Ensure that the research work performed enlarge scope of work and study
  • Ensure that the research work is aligned with research objectives
  • Provide relevant and authentic data
  • Provide necessary loopholes earlier ignore and recommend possible solutions of growth

Research Questions

The research questions the reasons why there are there a growth number of youth offenders in Australia and what the factors are that leads to their disappointments.

  1. What are the reasons of growth in youth offenders?
  2. Have you been suffering from mental illness?
  3. What do you think of societies and parental responsibility towards children suffering from mental ill health?
  4. Dose society contributes to mental pressure?
  5. What leads one to major disappointments?
  6. What are the side effects of mental health?
  7. Do you recommend clinical battle or self-improvement approaches?
  8. How well do you think can one make area of mental health problems and preventive measures?

1.3 Rationale for the Proposed Research

The research implies greater significance as it contributes understanding in gravest debates of Australians. It is found that adult and teenagers are suffering from mental health since last 10 years with considerable increase. The reasons of youth offenders are homicide, overdose of drugs, abuse behavior, and other natural causes. The adolescence is a period of transition; where one reach to a state of heightened position. The research here in delves into the reasons, bringing in opportunities of development. It ensure activities like awareness programs, self-developments schemes and awareness, range of physical and academic challenges that will help in fighting back severe mental health issues. The study focuses on how adults can establish their identities through competency. Most importantly, it acts as guidelines for youth who are seeking greater independence and facing pressures from home and social environments. It questions number of respondents (irrespective of color, gender and sex) to study depressive orders and how they have been battling over time.

Scope of research

The research enlarges scope of studying mental ill health issue in wider context. It broadens the area of research enlarging core mechanisms, security and robustness of research, manageability and usability, economic viability, theoretical foundations in understanding various reasons that forces youth to undertake ill actions. The scope of research aims at deriving social needs and requirements through high-level conceptualization, privacy, large-scale management and economic viability and needs of social change. The study is conducted within college premises, gatherings of youth people, study centre but can be developed on sampling of household survey.

Chapter 2Literature review

2.1 Previous literary review

According to Kinner et al. 2015, young offenders in Australia are highly at a risk for the preventable death after the release of the custody. The study of this chapter has aimed to define the process and causes of the risk factors that is associated with the death for the young offenders that is basically from the orders of the community based. The mortality rate has been highly increased at the age group between 10 to 17 years of age.

According to Cunneen, 2017, the paper has analyzed the use of the community for the young individual in regards to the various jurdictions in Australia that has created a great impact in the indigenous communities. It has also argue on the fact that there are different programs that has ignored the rights of Aboriginal in regards to self determination and it has to provide the simplify mechanisms for the indigenous communities.

2.2 Youth offenders- ABS

The chapter mainly aims to present about the characteristics of the young people who are known to be offenders. According to the Australian bureau Statistics the age of the offenders mainly ranges between 10 – 17 years (Pitt et al. 2016). They are mainly preceded in the juvenile court. The characteristic of the offenders mainly involves with sex and age and that also includes the principle offences conducted by the principal offenders was handed over by the police. Some of the offenses are thus mainly excluded from the recorded crime (Broidy et al. 2015). Accord to the ABS report, more than 55,000 of the youth offenders were recorded by the police and during 2016, there was the consequently number of the offenses recorded by the youth and their age mainly ranges between 10 to 17 years and for the fourth consecutive year the youth offenders accounted by 14 per cent of the total population and they were mainly. The people who aged between the 10 to 17 years mainly belong to the Australian residency. The rate of the offenders among the youth has been tremendously increased in 2017. Among 2,330 offenders, it has been noticed that 10,000 offenders ranged between 10 to 17 years of age. In 2017, it has been also reported that more than 100,000 youth were the youths and that for the generated population. The crime rate among the youths is more in South Australia, Tasmania and the people belongs from the other territory. In 2016 year, as measured per 100,000 person’s age between 10 to 17 years of age, and it is the highest in the Northern Territory the crime range is around 2,962 and in Australian territory of capital the crime report recorded was around 884. It is worth mentioning on the fact that the proportion of the youth offenders is highest in Western Australia that aged ranges between 10 to 17 years of age. It is to be noted that 16 per cent of the total offenders are mainly from the Australia (Williams et al.2015).

Since the period of 2008 and 2009, the total number of the youth offenders has mainly declined in the offence categories (Anyon et al. 2016). The highest percentage decreases in the offence category. It is the said that homicide and the related offences that were fallen by 67 percent. There was an offence against the justice that is fallen by 60 per cent. The figure rounded was rounded from 1500 to 608. The property damage issues were fallen by 53 per cent by youths in Australia (Cunneen, 2017).

From the expected trends it has been seen that illicit drug that has been increased by 47 per cent since 2008 and in 2009 and it has been tremendously increased by 35 per cent. Sexual assault and related offences has been increased at a higher rate by 35 per cent since 2009, the increased rate of the drug offenses has increased from 3920 to 5760 and the related offences related to the sexual assault has increased by 35 per cent among the youth offenders. The number of figure has been increased from 1103 to 1490. The youth offenders’ rate in Australia is generally higher in males as compared to females in Australia. The 70 percentage of the youth offenders was recorded to be around 70 percentages as compared to female it was around 30 percentages (Tonry, 2018).

2.3 Understanding and preventing indigenous offending

In this regard, most of the offenders found to be in a non indigenous prisoners, Survey for the national data has been collected in order to provide the information concerning the principal offence that has charged by police for the people aged .............

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