Social Policy

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Social Policy

Table of content

Table of content 2

Introduction. 3

  1. Identify key historical landmarks in social welfare focusing on the period up to 1945.(P1.1). 3
  2. How the changes in ideological approach since 1945 have impacted on contemporary social policies (P1.2) 5
  3. Analyze the processes involved in development of a key Act of Parliament (P2.1). 6
  4. Analyze the factors that influenced the development of social policy (P2.2). 8
  5. Analyse how social policy is implemented by organisations and practitioners (P3.1). 9
  6. Explain how the impact of social policy on users of health and social care services can be measured (P3.2) 11
  7. Evaluate the impact of a specific policy on users of the relevant health and social care service (P3.3). 12
  8. Analyze the differences in formation and adaption of social policy initiatives from other national perspectives (P4.2) 14

References. 16

 


Introduction

This report talks about the concept of social policy and its outcomes on the society. It explains the discussion that has ongoing ever since the overall look of the emergence of social policy about its part in a community set up and how it outcomes the person associates of the society. The paper brings out and discusses the opinions that can be discovered about the participation that social policy creates to a society. It opinions the present imaginary works and analysis defending the traditional land marks up to 1945 that led to the growth of welfare state. Further, we will talk about the kinds social care policies suggestions that designed after world war to up to 1945.

1. Identify key historical landmarks in social welfare focusing on the period up to 1945.(P1.1)

From the period of 1900 to 1945 in UK, there were different important landmarks which focus on the people’s social welfare. The government of U.K launched different welfare programs through provision of the social welfare, social security or financial abet which means the programs with key objectives of provision of the income of minimum level to the lacking the financial support, the elderly, unemployed and the disabled. The revelation of many researchers was that the poverty rate was high and therefore government had the responsibility of people’s moral obligation and therefore the projects were created to decrease the level of poverty.

Great Britain. (1980 p.224) pointed out that in the 19th century; religion played a significant role because of the voluntary sector of the welfare. However, in the 20th century, liberalism which formed the British welfare foundation and votes for the women was in the limelight. The historical land marks up to the period of 1945 in the social welfare according to Finlayson et al (1994 p.97) include:

1901- The first study of poverty by Seebohm Rowntree in New York. (Poverty: town life study)

1903- Study of poverty by Charles Boothin London. The people of London’s Life And     Labor

1906-1912- The New Liberalism which was to make people become more liberal

1906-The School Meals Act

1908-the Old Age Pensions Act directed to the people aged 70 years and above

1909- The Budget of the People. It introduced the super tax and the child tax allowance

1911-the National Insurance Act which catered for the sickness insurance and provided    unlimitedly for unemployment

1913-1941- The Change and Development which mainly focused in getting solutions to   individual problems

1920-The Unemployment Insurance Act which included on the non manual workers

1925- The Orphans, Widows and The Old Age Contributory Act. This was the initial        contributory pension’s national schemes

1936- The general theory of employment by J.M. Keynes. It dealt with money and            interests

1940-the old age and widows pensions act that reduced the pensions age of women from 65 to 60

1942-1945- Gearing Towards a State of Beveridge Welfare which was the first insurance plan that gave return for the benefits of contributions up to a significant level.

1942-the Beveridge report by sir William on Social Insurance and Allied Services

1943-The Work Tested Income of Citizens By Juliet Rhys Williams

The Beveridge Strategy will have the impact of undermining the will to perform of the lower-paid employees to a probably serious and probably risky level. The avoidance of want must be considered as being the responsibility of the Scenario to its entire people, and not merely to a suggested few’

Family Allowance Act: weekly £0.25 for each kid after the first.

2. How the changes in ideological approach since 1945 have impacted on contemporary social policies (P1.2)

Ideological approach changes since 1945 has impacted differently on social policies. Welfare services include social security, which makes different circumstances against interruption of income due to illness, injury, old age or even absence of career. They take the types of absence of career and illness advantages, close relatives problems as well as income products that is being offered and funded through the insurance techniques of the government (Bell 1987p.132).

During 1945, Coffey (2004p. 54) observed that the government was dedicated to complete career through the Keynesian Suggestions, and offered free worldwide additional knowledge, and the release of additional allocation. Family problems, a national physical wellness and wellness and fitness service and complete career were the main problems during that time. Many guidelines offered a comprehensive system of absence of career, illness, pregnancy and old age advantages funded the by companies and workers, together with the govt.

Another crucial aspect that needs to be considered for the social and health welfare in the UK is the social citizenship design. The problems regarding the social citizenship design was not a process in the requirements of the overall look of the Conventional Party head in 1975 and the Primary Reverend in 1979. After 1975 the government actually assured low taxation, less state contribution, as well as ‘abnormal’ amounts of social investing. In the idea it involved, vital reduces in the well being investing (Landis 1994 p33).

But at present, policies reduce benefit reliance by helping people into perform. New Work and social addition, essential control and physical wellness and wellness and fitness and social care projects begin to take over the social with which we live in.

3. Analyze the processes involved in development of a key Act of Parliament  (P2.1)

An Act of Parliament makes a new law or changes the laws that exist. Also Acts are Functions of Parliament which have been given Royal assent. All Functions of Parliament begins as bills which must effectively go thr.............


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