Scientific Approaches to Sustainable Resource Management
Spending the early years with my family in Nigeria, an African country rich in natural resources game me an opportunity of understanding how my country is rich. From my little village where I came from, the environment is green with tall trees, most of the locals practiced agriculture, there is wildlife, and plenty of water. However, this is no more as water resources are being deforested, rivers are running dry and the population of Nigeria is increasing rapidly.
I have an excellent academic track so far and I am expecting to improve on it given that I have identified my niche in “Sustainable Resource Management.” I am applying for a second Master’s degree because I would like to continue till my PhD in the field giving the evident need of Climate Conservation and I would like to take up a position in my country in address that need. However, my MBA is a 90 unit-credit which is not enough for applying for a Doctorate.
Natural Resource Management according to Erickson, Messner & Ring (2007) is the management process of the natural resources such as animals, plants, soil, water and land with emphasis on the management affects the life quality of both future and present generations. Water as an essential natural resource shapes regional landscapes and is critical to the functioning of the ecosystem and wellbeing of human. According to n.a (2003), water is a natural resource that is under considerable pressure in Africa. Hydrologic regime altercations due to global climatic, economic and demographic changes have serious consequences to the African people and the environment. Overuse of water resources by humans majorly for agriculture in Africa and contamination of the fresh water from agriculture and urban regions are stressing the water resource in African terrestrial water cycles. Consequently, the ecological functions of ground water, soils and water bodies in the water cycle are hampered.
Figure 1: Program Structure for Sustainable Water Resource Management
The figure above illustrate how the program for Sustainable Water Resource Management scientifically contribute to the goal by combining analyses of systems in the natural sciences (Themes A-C) with the development of socio-economic, eco-technological, and technical measures (Themes A-C jointly with D), and socio-economic and technical conditions investigations under which the developed approaches can be applied in solving specific problems (Themes D)
Within the natural sciences, the system analysis builds on modelling, measuring and predicting the water cycle of a region, in this scenario in Africa (Theme A). This is complimented by matter fluxes analysis focused on the reactive zones impact (Theme B). The water effects (Theme A) and the matter fluxes (Theme B) on the receptor systems sate are treated in Theme C (n.a, 2003).
The major obstacles to hydrologic research advances have been the limited and the spatially distributed data and a vast disconnects between the generated scales of data (n.a, 2003). According to n.a (2003), projected and recent advancement in technology in remote collection of data, combine with experiments, can abundantly supply information at increasingly finer temporal and spatial scales when connected to the regional integrated models and human consumptive data on use of water, data on contaminant emissions, and data on patterns of land use, this new information will offer the foundation for an understanding greatly improved and prediction of the hydrologic processes, nutrients and biomass, in-stream and subsurface energy transformation, critical zones retention processes, and biotic and abiotic controlling factors of the ecological communities (n.a, 2003). The environmental processes relevant are investigated mainly at reference sites where observatories specifically equipped are being installed, and that are jointly used among the themes of research.
Erickson, J. D., Messner, F., & Ring, I. (2007). Ecological economics of sustainable watershed management. Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI.
Forschen für die Umwelt. (2003.). Retrieved January 29, 2015, from http://www.ufz.de/index.php?de=17863