Reproductive Health Program

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Management of Maternal and Reproductive Health Program in Kwazulu

Management of Maternal and Reproductive Health Program in Kwazulu

Table of contents

Introduction 3

Goals of the Programme 6

Aims 6

Objectives 6

Targets of the Programme 7

Indicators 8

Sources of data 12

Limitations 12

Reporting Errors 13

Underreporting 13

Birth Displacements 13

Misreporting of women’s ages 14

Sampling errors 14

Factoring Indicators 14

Quality Maintenance 15

Planning and Monitoring 16

Conclusion 16

References 17


According to the World Health Organisation (2012, p.5), management of information management is vital to the foundation of substantially understanding the maternal and reproductive sector as per the goals of the millennium development. World Health Organisation (2012, p.5) states that the primary aim is enabling a decrease in child mortality, neonatal as well as a significant improvement in maternal health. Furthermore, they focus on the reduction of the menacing HIV/AIDS spread as well as great supporting the empowerment of women together with equality in gender World Health Organisation (2012, p.5).

It is undeniably important to have exemplary data as well as information that is statistical and disaggregated in management and even strategic planning. Pillitteri (2009, p.12) points out that enabling improvement of the processes involved in the management of information in the reproductive as well as maternal health sector enhances data interpretation as well as collection. Moreover non- governments together with governmental firms which are the main stakeholders can do data analyzing and then utilize the data in the processes of decision making (Pillitteri 2009, p.12).

The studies and research of women and their gender as a whole are focused on their high rate of reproductive health issues, as well as, the critical risks involved in maternity (Pillitteri 2009, p.15). Pillitteri (2009, p.15) mentions that maternal risks arise in preventing unwanted pregnancies, as well as complications that arise in childbirth and pregnancy processes. Lastly, infections of the reproductive tract also cause numerous complications (Pillitteri 2009, p.16).

Amongst the South African nine provinces, a significant survey and research were carried out in four of them in the year 2007. The survey results portrayed that amongst the female teenagers ranging between the ages of twelve and nineteen; 19.2% have experienced unwanted pregnancies, while male teenagers within the same age range have caused a girl’s impregnation. The research further shows that from the year 2012 there has been a drastic decrease in the utilization of condoms amongst the youth whose ages range from about fifteen to twenty-four years old, amongst the male youth the decrease is from 85.2% down to 67.5%. While on the other hand, amongst the female youth the decrease in condom usage is from 66.5% down to 49.8%.

Therefore, this study will attempt to attain substantial data on the younger aged women, particularly because they are the age group prone to the risks involved in issues of reproductive health. These risks include unregulated fertility, maternal mortality, as well as sexually transmitted diseases; especially HIV/AIDS which is a growing menace in South Africa. This information gathered will be effectively utilized in the measurement of the performance level of the material as well as the reproductive health program at Kwazulu district, in South Africa.

National Health Information (1998, p.6) defines dump data as raw as well as unprocessed data. National Health Information (1998, p.6) further describes dump data as collected information in the form of facts as well as figures which are determined from various surveys and experiments, that is utilized as the primary base when handling conclusion drawing and deriving calculations. Moreover, raw data is essential for storage after undergoing computer processing. National Health Information (1998, p.6) points out that in this particular case, data obtained from an informant, together with interviews that are semi-structured with the patients as well as staff; and discussions and utilization of focus groups.

Whereas, Alden (2016,p.9) defines information as data that has been substantially organized as well as presented particularly in a fashion that is deemed organized to portray the deeper meaning that is underlying within the data. Alden (2016,p.9) states that information is only obtained when raw data undergoes processing through software such as SPSS, thereafter the attained end product is essential in consideration to the district’s decision making processes.

Several methods are to be effectively used to monitor and ensure a level of information consistency, as well as to provide a thoroughly detailed and defined comprehension of the integration process particularly from the point of view of providers as well as clients (Holtz 2008, p.16). The main reason for obtaining information was to be knowledgeable of the services that are integrated, and specifically the mannerism it was carried out on, as well as the service delivery implications. Moreover, Holtz (2008,p.16) further states that the methodical inventory was to be effectively established through observation of the supplies as well as available equipment and supplies. Holtz (2008,p.16) also says that interviews were carried out interviewing a member of the senior staff in every health facility that was chosen.

World Health Organisation (2006, p.9) points out that reproductive health should not define by t just sex. Rather, World Health Organisation (2006, p.9) defines reproductive health as the state of an individual’s entire mental, physical as well as social well being; not restricted to the reproductive disease absence. World Health Organisation (2006, p.9) further explains that reproductive health consists of enlightenment of the processes involved in reproduction, as well as the system and functions of an individual’s life stages.

Therefore, establishing a well managed maternal and reproductive health program to help women from an earlier age to substantially teach values as well as help them in comprehending their bodies’ physiology as well as anatomy (Timmerman and Kruesmann 2009, p.11). Timmerman and Kruesmann ( 2009, p.11) state that, the program implemented effectively will help to continually educate and enable the younger women as well as men to experience acceptable safe fertility regulations methods, in consideration of their various choices. Furthermore, the Kwazulu district will enable women of age to efficiently access their right to quality standard appropriate

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