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Regulation of Drugs and Dietary Supplements

Oct 24, 2018 | 0 comments

Oct 24, 2018 | Essays | 0 comments

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Regulation of Drugs and Dietary Supplements

Peters, Shelton & Sharma (2004) claims that dietary supplements are widely used for enhancing appetite as well as weight loss since they contain nutritional elements that supplement human diet. They include herbs, vitamins and minerals among others. The setting of standards by FDA regarding their packaging, sorting, labeling and indication of identity is not enough; I do believe they should be regulated in the same way as drugs as much as they have been classified as foods. Approving their existence in the market based on safety and effectiveness would aid in minimizing impunity that is prevalent in their manufacturing since most of them have been found to contain traces of pharmaceuticals and unhealthy chemicals making their safety questionable as implied by Coppens, Silva & Pettman (2006).

The fact that dietary supplements are sold everywhere and can be bought without doctors’ prescription also poses the possibility of their counterfeit existing in the market as well as being abused. Furthermore, their quality also ought to be determined like in the cases of drugs. Some nutritional supplements have also been found to increase chances of occurring of chronic diseases like cancer. Most dietary supplements like the ones consumed for weight loss have also been discovered to have long term side effects relating to abnormal body development resulting to poor health as stated by Stafford & Jenkins (2004). Therefore, strict regulation like those governing drugs would be very useful in controlling their existence as well as use thus minimizing the extent of damage that they are likely to cause before being withdrawn from the market.

References

Al-Achi, A. (2008). An introduction to botanical medicines: History, Science, uses, and dangers. Westport. CT: Praeger

Coppens, P., Silva, M.F., & Pettman, S. (2006). European regulations on nutraceuticals, dietary supplements and functional foods: A framework based on safety. Toxicology.doi:10.1016/j.tox.2005.12.022

Dodge, T., Litt, D., & Kaufman, A.(2011). Influence of the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Acton Consumer Beliefs About the Safety and Effectiveness of Dietary Supplements. Journal of Health Communication.doi:10.1080/10810730.2010.529493

Dodge, T., & Kaufman, A.(2007).What Makes Consumers Think Dietary Supplements Are Safe and Effective? The Role of Disclaimers and FDA Approval. Health Psychology.doi:10.037/0278-633.26.4.53

Geil, P., & Shane-McWhorter, L. (2008). Dietary Supplements in the Management of Diabetes: Potential Risks and Benefits. Journal of The American Dietetic Association.doi:10.1016/j.jada.2008.01.020

Mason. P. (2001). Dietary supplements. London: Pharmaceutical Press.

National Institute on Aging.(2008). Dietary supplements. Gaithersburg, Md.: National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services.

Prior, R. L., Wu, X., & Schaich, K. (2005). Standardized Methods for the Determination of Antioxidant Capacity and Phenolics in Food and Dietary Supplements. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.doi:10.021/jf0502698

Peters, C. L., Shelton, J., & Sharma, P. (2004). An Investigation of Factors That Influence the Consumption of Dietary Supplements. Health Marketing Quarterly.doi:10.300/J026v21n0-06

Stafford, S.J., & Jenkins, M. G. (2004). The hidden dangers of dietary supplements. Emergency Medicine Journal. doi:10.1136/emj.2003.00573

 

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