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Does recidivism decrease in the criminal justice system for juvenile’s offenders?
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background Information
In a criminal justice perspective, the term recidivism can be well-defined as the situation in which a person relapses to criminal activities subsequent to conviction of a previous offense, punishment or sentence, and probably behavior modified (Mears, 2003). Recidivism can be a consequence of a chain of interdependent or intersected factors of failures. Such factors may include and not limited to:
- Disappointment of a person to live up to the world’s prospects or the social order.
- Failure of somebody, as a criminal, to escape apprehension and sentence.
- Failure of a convict in a correctional foundation or organization to take the opportunity of a correctional program.
- Failure of a correctional institution to deliver programs that reeducate and rehabilitate.
- Added failures by a criminal in ongoing with a criminal activity once released.
This study is an investigation of the rate of recidivism in juvenile modifications. The study is not an investigation of how much recidivism exists. It is neither the study of the factors contributing to repetition of the offense, nor how recidivism varies by type of criminal and correctional management. To be precise, the study will explore whether re-offense decreases in the criminal justice system for the teenager’s criminals. It will investigate the extent of reduction and prevention of recidivism among juvenile criminals.
Juvenile courts of law within the nation state will be requested to give evidence supporting the reduction of the juvenile offense. For the researcher to measure development in the area of juvenile criminality, a state-wide explanation of juvenile lawbreaker recidivism will be necessary. The study will be informed through a survey of 35 juvenile generals. The obtained findings will guide the starting point analysis of juvenile criminal and case elements connected to recidivism that will be described in the ultimate report of the study. The essence of the identification of these elements will be in the process of corresponding juvenile lawbreakers with evidence-grounded programs planned to decrease the chance of imminent delinquency.
According to Mears (2003), Criminal offences and mental health files will be studied for 150 juveniles of both genders. In order to measure the magnitude of recidivism during their adolescent and immature years, only information regarding teenagers who persisted in juvenile authority up until 18 years of age will be included in the analyses.
1.2 Scope and Importance of the Problem
The measure of recidivism denotes to a technique of systematically analyzing its magnitude or amount within a specified sample population. In the evaluation of programs, the measures include the kinds of information used to find out re-offense levels. Such information types take account of, amongst others, re-offending self-reports, records of arrest, and court accounts of judgment.
The differences amid these methods are significant, because their use will produce massively contrasting outcomes. Phillips (2007) established that when evaluating re-offense as re-arrests, there is a normal. Though, when assessing recidivism as re-imprisonment, they discover merely 13% reoffending rate (Mears, 2003). In overall, we can presume measures are resulting from activities happening later in the case dispensation system to yield inferior re-offense rates.
In this study, the researcher will explore whether re-offense decreases in the criminal justice system for the teenager’s criminals. The research will investigate the extent of reduction and prevention of recidivism among juvenile criminals.
1.4 Research Questions
i. What are the ways in which recidivism can be practical?
ii. What are the ways in which recidivism can be measured?
iii. How re-offense decline in the juvenile’s criminal justice system?
1.5 Research Objectives
1.5.1 Broad Objective
The chief objective of this investigation is to find out whether recidivism rate decreases in the juvenile criminal justice system.
1.5.2 Specific Objectives
- To determine the ways in which recidivism can be practical.
- To determine the ways in which reci.............
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