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My name is Crystal Bevil, a psychology student at Ashford University. I have been a student in the psychology field for the past three years and had extensive experience in the field. As a psychologist, I have experience in understanding human beings, their emotions, motivations and their thought processes. This has been achieved both theoretical ad practically since I have volunteered and worked as an intern in different psychology clinics and field that requires expertise in psychology.

As a student in a psychology program in Ashford University, I have numerous experiences for the past three years. Through the program, I have learnt different subjects in psychology such as human development, physiology, research and statistics, group dynamics as well as current theories and therapies.my experience with the psychology program have been of a journey, an exploration, and interesting. From my experience in the program, I am able to analyse mental processes and human behaviours, theories in psychology evaluate personal development theories and research methods in psychology. Lastly, I can demonstrate consistent communication behaviours with the psychology study and practice.

When I graduate, I would like to be a professional mental health counsellor. As a counsellor, I will be able to provide effective group and individual therapies/counselling in different community settings. With my professional preparation after graduation that includes skills, knowledge, and identity development and supervised clinical experiences, I believe I would make a professional counsellor who addresses and understand social justice to improve my client’s well-being.

 

LITERATURE REVIEW

Psychology as a field of study is very wide and it is very important in our day to day lives. A number of ethical issues are observed by psychologists include: being competent, ensuring that confidentiality is maintained, having an informed consent on psychological issues and ensuring that one has close relationship with the vulnerable in the society.

Relationship counseling and Health psychologists are the two types of professionals that engage themselves in ethical issues in psychology. The field of relationship counseling began in 1920’s and was started in Germany however this practice came into existence in the United States of America in 1930’s. Qualified relationship counselors deal with relationship issues such as marriage problems among others. On the other hand, Health Psychologist began in 20th century but it became prominent in mid of 20th century 91970s). Some of carriers of these individuals include: study of risk behaviors and study of psychological aspects of illness

 

Relationship counselors play a vital role in our society especially when it comes to issues that are related to relationship. According to relationship counselors, being truthful is very important and ethical issues should be utilized in the provision of counseling to individuals with relationship problems (Kaplan & Allison, 1994). In this respect, social intervention is very important, thus relationship counselors should use educational and organizational counseling to handle relationship issues.

 

Health psychologist are concerned with health issues and to them informed consent is very important. In addition to this, health psychologists respect the dignity of the patients whom they handle and above all they ensure that there is balance between the rights of the patients and that of the family members (Vasquez, 1988).

 

The relationship counselor and the Health Psychologists value ethical issues that are related to psychologists. Informed consent is very important for the two professionals and in addition to this, truthfulness and respect to clients is valued by health psychologists and relationship counselors

 

Peer-reviewed articles based on applied psychological research and directly relate to Ethical issues in Psychology

 

Therapists Anger, hate, Fear and Sexual Feelings: national Survey of Therapist responses, clients Characteristics, Critical events, Formal Complaints, and Training by Pope & Tabachnick

Therapists reported incidences of experiencing twenty instances of feeling hate, anger, sexual arousal or attraction and fear; encountering 16 events of client (such as client disrobing, client orgasm, client assault to third party or on therapist, client suicide); and engaging 27 behaviours (such as kissing clients, avoiding clients with HIV, using weapons, massaging clients or calling police to provide protection from clients). There were differences in response from the gender of the therapists, (for instance, more male therapists than females experienced suicides of patients, and faced ethics, malpractices and complaints of licensing),client gender (for instance more females were noticed as attractive physically and cradled or hugged by therapists), and theoretical orientation. Similarly, more participants rated training of graduates on sexual arousal, fear, and anger as inadequate.

 

Dual Relationships between Therapists and Client: A National Study of Psychologists, Psychiatrists, and Social Workers by Borys & Pope

This was a survey study which surveyed 4800 psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers to examine practices and attitudes regarding social involvements, dual professional roles, incidental involvements, and financial involvements. Half of the participants rate the extent to which every behaviour was ethical, and the other remaining half indicated how often they get engaged in every behaviour. Results indicated that majority were of the opinion that under most conditions, dual role behaviours were unethical. Moreover, most reported that they had never or had rarely engaged in the behaviours. Moreover, 10 factors (gender, therapist, age, profession, and marital status, and experience, client gender region of residence, theoretical orientation, practice locale and practice setting) were examined for their behaviours and beliefs relation. A high proportion of males compared to female therapists engaged in non-sexual and sexual dual relationships

 

Psychological Torture – the CIA and the APA. PsycCRITIQUES, by Arrigo 

After the terrorist attack in 1-11, detainees were being interaogated by United States in settings such as Guantanamo, Bagram and Abu Ghraib. The American Psychologist Association (APA) fully supported involvement of the psychologists in the interrogations. This article highlighted key decisions, procedures, policies, documents and public statements by APA in a need to rethink and make suggestions to useful questions in a serious assessment such as, “were interrogation policies of APA ethically sound?” “ were there available other approaches that would have.............


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