MAO AND REVOLUTION

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MAO AND REVOLUTION

 

What were the key components of Mao’s approach to rural revolution and revolutionary leadership and how and why were those ideas reflected in his political choices or strategies?

Introduction

Mao Zedong was a peasant who led a rural revolution for the oppressed poor village peasants. He promoted the idea of peasants could create a revolution and was also an active rural organizer. Under the rule and regions of the Kuomintang warlords, there was bankruptcy, economic blockade and military campaigns of encircling peasants and suppression.[1] On the other hand, the red areas which were liberated and were under Mao Zedong, the economic construction was blooming for the welfare of millions of peasants and workers liberated. The principle governing the economic policy under Mao was to proceed with all the economic construction and concentrate their economic resources on the effort of war in addition to improving the people’s lives, ensure proletarian leadership of the peasants, consolidate the peasant-worker alliance in the field of economics, and strive in securing the leadership by the state sector over the private sector of the economy. This created the prerequisites for the future socialism advancement.[2] The key components of Mao’s approach to rural revolution and revolutionary leadership which were reflected in his political choices and strategies include; increasing agricultural and industrial production, Expanding trade with other countries, Developing co-operatives, and the well-being of the masses.

Economic liberation of the peasants and workers were the catalysts of rural revolution and Mao revolutionary leadership in China.

Increasing agricultural and industrial production

Increasing agricultural and industrial production idea was reflected in the political choices and strategies of Mao for different reasons and in many ways. The year 1933 there was a huge agricultural production in the red areas compared to the year 1932.[3] In his speech, Mao pointed out that “the agricultural output was 15% higher in western Fukien and southern Kiangsi and 20% higher in the border areas of Fukien-Chekiang-Kiangsi.” [4] After the establishment of the red areas for agricultural production, the peasant workers worked hard after the distribution and ownership of land is settled. Mao created rural revolution using the idea of agricultural production by encouraging the peasants in the villages to cultivate the waste lands that were lying fallow during the revolution uprisings. Furthermore, in many places ploughing teams and mutual aid groups were organized to add more labor in the villages. Moreover, the formation of co-operatives ensured that there was no shortage of draught oxen. Women too were not left behinds great numbers of women also participated in the agricultural production.[5]

The revolution in the villages were introduced by Mao because everything that was introduced during the revolution was not happening in the Kuomintang days where the lands were in the care of the landlords, and so the peasant were not willing to improve their production or even have the means of improving them. It was only after the land was distributed to the peasants and after being encouraged to cultivate that labor enthusiasm grew, and production increased. Similarly, the idea of Agricultural were introduced under Mao to solve the problem of food and the need for raw materials such as bamboo, sugar cane, hemp and cotton for paper, sugar, clothes and other necessities.[6]

In his political choices and strategie.............


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