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Information Technology

Oct 24, 2018 | 0 comments

Oct 24, 2018 | Essays | 0 comments

Information Technology

Internet and Web Browsers

The development of the internet commences in 1969. It was during this period the United States of America (USA) was experiencing a cold war that ignited heated competition between them and the Soviet Union. The USA’s Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) created an internet-like network called ARPANET. The project to develop the interlinking network package was started by the US Defense Advanced Research Project Agency in 1973 to create a communication protocol that would allow computers to communicate with each other on a network. Their effort bore fruit when a computer at UCLA sent a message to a computer at Stanford. However, the system crashed in the process. Alterman, Rachelle. Planning in the Face of Crisis: Land Use, Housing and Mass Immigration in Israel. London: Routledge, 2002. Internet development got a new breath-form Vinton Cerf whose contributions led to the development of the Internet Protocols that transformed into the world wide web which was the first web browser (Tatnall and Davey). Today the most common web browsers are Firefox, Chrome, and healthy lifestyles. This includes disseminating information on nutrition, exercise, and general lifestyle choices. The Internet Explorer.

Methods of Communication

With the creation of the internet, various ways of communication aroused. They include Social networking, Email, Podcast, Webcast, and streaming media.


Social Networking

To begin with, social networking provides a platform through which internet users can interact. It entails representing one’s profile and additional information such as one’s area of residence and sharing the details across the social network websites. It allows users to share information, ideas, and resources. Examples of social media websites are Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram (Herrera, 2014)).



Email as a method of communication was created by Ray Tomlinson. This was before the creation of the Hackney, John. A History of Greek and Roman Philosophy. New York: Philosophical Library, 1966. internet. The system initially constituted the mailbox and the user received the message on logging in (Staley, 2014). The most common email servers are Gmail and Yahoo.


Wikis and Blogs

Wikis are websites that enable one to create and edit information pages that can be shared across the face a lot of competition from the construction and development companies in the real estate industry. I researched for them from the internet and be read and edited by the users. The most commonly known wikis are Wikipedia. Following the fact that the information can be edited by other internet users, it, therefore, implies that the information contained in the wikis can be biased. On the other hand, blogs can only be written by one person. The other internet users can only distribute the blog.




The podcast is a method of communication that allows for the sharing of information in audio form. The most common podcasts are NBS and TedTalks. Moreover, a webcast is a method of marketing as selling and advertising, however, marketing consists of different activities. Kotler and Make define marketing as the set of activities, communication that allows for the sharing of information in a video form. It’s usually found on YouTube.


Media Streaming

Media streaming refers to audio or video that is transmitted continually using data packets. It can be done via Bluetooth or directly from a computer. The streaming media can easily be made available for other users to down it.


E-commerce and M-commerce

E-commerce is the online selling and buying of products. This is usually done by creating a catalog that entails the products that a given business entity offers and sharing them across social network websites. Through the internet, the company can advertise for an offer on their products. M-commerce on the other hand refers to the buying and selling of goods using mobile devices such as phones. Since the use of mobile devices is more convenient, many people predict that M-commerce will overtake E-commerce. However, the two methods are usually used together.



(2015). Retrieved 4 November 2015, from http://www.dtc.umn.edu/~odlyzko/doc/history.communications0.pdf

Herrera, L. (2014). Revolution in the age of social media: The Egyptian insurrection and the Internet.

Nethistory.info, (2015).

Staff, D., » D., & Staff, D. (2014). The history of social networking. Digital Trends. Retrieved 4 November 2015, from http://www.digitaltrends.com/features/the-history-of-social-networking/.

Staley, D.J. (2014). Brain, Mind, and Internet: A deep history and future.

Tatnall, A., & Davey, B. (2014). Reflections on the history of computers in education: Early use of computers and teaching about computing in school.

Transition.fcc.gov, (2015). The FCC Kids Zone – History of The Internet. Retrieved 4 November 2015, from https://transition.fcc.gov/cgb/kidszone/history_internet.html

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