According to Fiero (2011), the ancient Egyptians believed that there was life after death and that death was just a temporary interruption but not the end of life. They prepared by giving homage to the gods before and after their death. The dead were preserved by honey and resins which they believed originated from the tears of Osiris, the god of death. This would make the soul to return to the body to give it a new life. The dead were also buried along with their household equipment, food and drink to provide the person’s needs in the afterworld. To restore the dead’s senses- ability to hear, sense and speak in the afterworld, they performed a ceremony to open the mouth of the dead which included purification and anointing of the dead.
Both women in Mesopotamia and Egypt were regarded as child bearers and homemakers while men performed other difficult tasks such as working in the fields. In Mesopotamia, women were considered men’s property and therefore could not own property or act as a political leader whereas in Egypt women and men were equal hence women too had the right to own property and act as political leaders. This is also evident by the statues of women in the ancient pyramids (Fiero, 2011).
According to Fiero (2011), the ruler whose position was both political and religious was referred to as pharaoh. He was the supreme leader and was the most powerful leader in the ancient Egypt. Mastaba was the term for flat-roofed early rectangular Egyptian tombs. They were made of mud and were mainly used to bury kings. They were later replaced by pyramids which were used to bury the kings. In contrast to Mesopotamian and Hebrew Theology, Islamic dominated Egyptian culture at all levels.
Fiero, G. K. (2011). The humanistic tradition: The first civilizations and the classical legacy. Boston: McGraw-Hill.