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HIV Screening and Ethics
Screening for HIV offers an excellent opportunity for identifying whether an individual is infected, and also for the provision of timely medical care and to slow the progression of the virus. However, the process of screening may raise many difficult ethical and legal questions with respect to access, reporting and testing. The patients’ privacy rights, protection of the innocent parties and treatment needs are treatment aspects that are not always integrated comfortably. This discussion in this essay is intended to offer an opinion whether it should be mandatory for HIV positive patients to provide the information of their current sexual partners to be also screened.
Many partners or contacts of the persons infected with HIV are unaware of their risks. CSAT (1993) indicated that tracing and notifying these individuals gives them an opportunity to receive the much-needed testing and the necessary therapeutic treatments. Moreover, education on preventive risks reduction and coun.............
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