Government 2305 Bureaucracy Exam

Oct 24, 2018 | 0 comments

Oct 24, 2018 | Miscellaneous | 0 comments

Government 2305 Bureaucracy Exam

  1. Demands/inputs affect _______ and turn affect ______.
  2. Outcome …outputs.
  3. Outputs ….outcomes
  4. The relationship between inputs, outputs and outcomes appear to be logical but may in fact be much less rational than the process appears on the surfaces.
  5. True
  6. False
  7. The federal system of government decentralizes the agencies of the bureaucracy, which provides these agencies their ______.
  8. Discretion
  9. Autonomy
  10. If the bureaucracy is not insulted from politics and the bureaucracy have the latitude to use discretion to make political decisions then outcomes may in reality be compromises.
  11. True.
  12. False.
  13. A government official who satisfices is one who is not focued on solving problems..
  14. True.
  15. False.
  16. The decentralized nature of the bureaucracy means that the public may have no clear picture of what is going on as rules and outcomes are created.
  17. True.
  18. False.
  19. Simon preferred that we focus on the ability of people in organization to use their discretion when they make decision and communicate with others rather than focus on the structure of the organization.
  20. True.
  21. False.
  22. In the arational/non – rational actor model Bureaucracy, use their discretion when they make decisions. Their own views, their superiors’ level of competence, and their own emotions make a difference in those decisions.
  23. True
  24. False
  25. The APA of 1946 was designed to keep bureaucracy responsive and accountable when rules are created.
  26. True
  27. False
  28. In theory, governmental control of bureaucracy is in the hands of elected officials and judges.
  29. True
  30. False
  31. The bureaucracy needs many bureaucrats doing specialized jobs with sufficient coordination. This reflects the ______actor model.
  32. Rational
  33. Arational/non-rational
  34. Bureaucrats may be competent but not necessarily neutral. This reflects the ___actor model.
  35. Rational
  36. Arational/non-rational
  37. We often think of bureaucrats as simply implementing legislation passed by legislators. This reflects the ____actor model.
  38. Rational
  39. Arational/non-rational
  40. Each part of the federal bureaucracy eventually has the potential to create its own culture.
  41. True
  42. False
  43. As problems emerge that elected officials believe are problems they either assign more responsibities to existing agencies or create new ones to provide solutions. This reflects the ____ actor model
  44. Rational
  45. Arational/non-rational
  46. Negotiated rulemaking means that the bureaucrats have the ability to create rules before they produce outcomes while communicating with political actors from outside their agencies.
  47. True
  48. False
  49. While Taylor focused on efficiency, Simon raised the possibility of inefficiency in bureaucracy.
  50. True
  51. False
  52. If bureaucrats focus on satisficing, they are ____ thinkers acting _____ actor.
  53. Instrumental thinkers acting as rational actors
  54. Constitutive actors as arational/non-rational actors
  55. Ultimately, several problems, outputs and outcomes may conflict, and several means to deal with a problem, all-bad, may be all that are available for bureaucrats to base decision upon.
  56. True
  57. False
  58. Choosing the first available alternative for a problem that meets minimum acceptable standards is what inevitably happens to many bureaucrats in the real world where bureaucracy may be subject to politics.
  59. True
  60. False
  61. Compounding the potential for dysfunction is bureaucrats using fragment of information: The human tendency to make decisions with insufficient information.
  62. True
  63. False
  64. In the arational/non-rational actor, model bureaucrats do not have access to complete and unbiased information.
  65. True
  66. False
  67. Negotiated rulemaking limits the ability of political actors outside the bureaucracy to provide inputs into the creation of rules, which affect outcomes.
  68. True
  69. False
  70. The latitude that Congress gives bureaucrats to make policy decision in the spirit of their agencies mission statement or enabling statutes is called ______.
  71. Autonomy
  72. Discretion
  73. Satisficing behavior shows that the rational actor model is a realistic depiction of decision-making in government.
  74. True
  75. False.