Gender Development

Oct 24, 2018 | 0 comments

Oct 24, 2018 | Miscellaneous | 0 comments

Gender Development

World Bank (2011) defines gender as the differences constructed socially between men and women. However, gender development aims at breaking the barriers that exist in the division of roles between men and women. This development has been affected negatively due to the influence of parents, peers, religion, teachers, and the media.

Parents create different environments for the girls and boys by encouraging girls to play with dolls and boys to play with football and cars toys. In the early stages of development, parents instill behaviors that encourage exploration, assertiveness and emotional control in boys. However, they promote dependency, imitation and emotional sensitivity in girls (Berk, 2000). In the middle childhood, the parents assign boys maintenance chores such as cutting grass and painting while assigning girls domestic chores such as washing utensils and cooking. The children internalize the parents’ message at an early age and imitate the behaviors to adulthood.

Peer influence on the other hand is seen when boys and girls play different games separately. Boys often play more aggressive games such as football and rugby while girls indulge in less aggressive games.

From the creation theory, most religions explain that women were created from men and were to be the compliments of men. They were to be submissive and were charged with childbearing and were to take care of homes.

In schools, boys are believed to be smarter than girls in most science subjects. It is believed that boys often participate in class work by answering and asking questions. They are believed to be risk takers as opposed to girls who are known to be quiet and complaint. Most teachers prefer asking boys harder questions than girls.

The media is the most popular source of information. Television is the most popular form of media. Television usually depicts qualities of men and women differently which is further imitated by the youths. Through their programs, they depict men to be aggressive and authoritative while women to be submissive and sensitive.


Berk, L. E. (2000). Child development. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

World Bank. (2011). Gender equality and development. Washington D.C: World Bank.