Effectiveness of Complementary Feeding and Education in Fighting Malnutrition in Children of Pakistan

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Malnutrition prevalence in Pakistan is high considerably and leads to susceptibility of the children to infectious diseases that are preventable, and has an association indirectly with the leading death causes of children (Perveen et al, 2006). Malnutrition can be prevented through complimentary feeding practices that are effective. Bhat et al (1992) pointed out that many strategies have been adopted to improve the complimentary practices of feeding and they include education to mothers about nutrition. These are designed to promote feeding practices that are healthy. Another strategy according to Dewey et al (1998) is complementary food provision to the children to offer extra energy. Lastly is increasing the complimentary foods energy density through simple technology. This systematic review has reviewed available studies that have content about effectiveness of complementary feeding and education in fighting malnutrition in Pakistan.

Liaqat et al (2007) conducted a study on the “Association between Complimentary Feeding Practice and Mothers Education Status in Islamabad.” The objective of the research was to examine the relation between education of mothers, malnutrition and complimentary feeding practices amongst Islamabad mothers that attend outpatients’ clinics. 500 participant mothers who were attending Federal Government Services Hospital Pediatric Outpatient Hospital filled the questionnaires. The results indicated positive relationship between mothers’ educational status and the infants’ nutritional status. This study revealed that most of the malnourished infants belonged to the no school education mothers. In summary, education of mothers play significant role in increase knowledge receptivity and awareness related to their infants nutritional requirements (Fleisher et al, 2000).

“Malnutrition in Young Pakistani Children,” was a study done by Hirani (2012) with the main objective of reviewing the literature to analyze the politico-economical, environmental, socio-cultural, maternal and biological malnutrition determinants among young Pakistani children for recommendation of need based interventions for curbing and prevention. The study applied systematic search of all international, regional and national literature from data bases that are peer reviewed. The conclusion of the study was that malnutrition among children of Pakistan are prevalent and multiple at the community, family and ev.............

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