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Determinism, Compatibilism and Libertarianism
Determinism, compatibilism, and libertarianism all hold differing positions on freedom. Determinism asserts that man may have circumstantial freedom, but he does not have metaphysical freedom.
The concept of determinism suggests that every event that happens in life has a reason to and that no man can prevent it. It points out that no one has a choice to control what happens. It might be caused by past events that affect the present and the future and there is no other option but to let it happen (PGS, 2018). Determinists believe that nothing can be done about the future, every event that will happen then will have already been predetermined by the past events. According to determinists, free will is false while determinism is true (Kane, 2002).
Determinists also relate the determination concept with the facts about the state of the universe and the laws of nature. In the deterministic view, great knowledge about the state of the universe and the laws of nature at a given time can make it possible to predict the universe state in the future. Since determinists believe that every event has a cause and that human actions are events then every occurrence in human life has been predetermined (Hackling, 1990).
Determinism is contrary to libertarianism which believes that one has the final judgment whether to act or not. As opposed to determinists, libertarians believe that free will is true and that not every event is predetermined to happen (Kane, 2002). Several arguments exist for the determinism concept. The best argument is when two university students who were charged with murder, through the employment of determinism were found innocent because what they did was bound to happen. Mr. Darrow stated that it was not their free will to commit the crime but was just used as instruments for the action (PGS, 2018). There is also an argument that the world seems to operate on deterministic ideas through modern science. In one way or the other people believe that everything happens for a reason and that there must be a cause for every event in life. But at the same time, they believe that something can be done by thinking to change the direction of the events which works against the theory (Hackling, 1990).
Determinism can be compared to the laws of nature which are based on what has been observed and experienced. These laws are linked to the future according to what has already been predicted. Determinism can also be linked to mathematics where it is solved based on what has been previously done. The theory is also believed to follow the laws of physics (PGS, 2018).
This theory can make one accept every result or action that comes their way without considering many other availa.............
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