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Cloning

Oct 24, 2018 | 0 comments

Oct 24, 2018 | Essays | 0 comments

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Cloning

Cloning refers to genetically producing a plant or a human that is identical to another plant or human respectively (Vöneky & Wolfrum, 2004). There are two types of cloning that are reproductive and therapeutic cloning. Whereas reproductive cloning aims at producing a new human being or animal, therapeutic cloning only produces embryos such as stem cells for therapeutic purposes. Reproductive cloning has resulted in a heated debate as some groups oppose it while others support it. This has given rise to various ethical issues concerning the act.

To begin, different religions oppose reproductive cloning arguing that only God has the power to create human beings. This implies that an attempt to create a new human being or animal is against their belief. Besides, they perceive the act to be egocentric as the clones are made to satisfy someone’s needs that are contrary to religious teachings about the purpose of human beings.

With reproductive cloning, individuality is at risk since the uniqueness credited to human beings by God is not incorporated into the clones. The clones will, therefore, lose identity and besides, people are still oblivious on how the clones would behave towards their parents or siblings. Given that the experts aren’t sure of the implications of the clones, it is therefore not ethical since it poses a risk to the human beings.

It is not ethical to put the life of a human being at risk since the chances of cloning failure are high. This results from the fact that it is not a guarantee that a child born through cloning will be healthy.

According to Johnson (2002), cloning would lead to decreased genetic diversity and hence reduced immunity against diseases. He argues that there is a possible risk of the transfer of diseases from the donor to the clone. He, therefore, asserts that human cloning might be a blow to the entire human population.

Lastly, human cloning might result into legal complications such as inheritance. Besides, a clone with multiple donors might pose a threat to parental rights. In addition, people are concerned with the hidden intention of human cloning perhaps; it is done with an intention of selling the clones that might lead to human trafficking.

References

Vöneky, S., & Wolfrum, R. (2004). Human dignity and human cloning. Leiden: Nijhoff.

Johnson, J. (2002). Human cloning. [Washington, D.C.]: Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress.

 

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