Chronic Renal Failure
Chronic conditions can be described as conditions of health that require continuous management in a period of years or even decades. Chronic Renal Failure is defined as an irreversible long-term condition, explained as continuous kidney function loss (McCarthy et al., 2011). In the 21st century, these conditions have been named as the largest challenge the health sector faces. Chronic renal disease is increasingly becoming a global epidemic. It most often leads to a gradual decline in the functioning of the kidney. The major and common causes of Chronic Renal Failure are; diabetes mellitus, hypertension, kidney diseases, and kidney artery stenosis. The most obvious and common symptoms of this failure may include dark urine, anemia, blood in urine, and decreased alertness of the mental.
In most cases, a patient is usually there for a different medical condition, and failure of the renal system is often the result of the injuries or the disease the patient is suffering from. In situations of patients who have this disease as a result of high blood pressure, diabetes, or any other associated medical condition, the medical team usually follows up on the functions of the kidney as a part and parcel of the long-term plan. Normally, the most common way of diagnosing this failure is by a blood test. The blood tests done to diagnose this failure are creatinine, BUN, and GRF. These methods are used to determine the accumulation of wastes and waste products in the blood. The other way of diagnosis is the urine test. This can be done to find the measurement of protein amount, recognize the availability of abnormal cells in the renal system, and also to measure the electrolyte concentration in the system (Tonelli, 2013). The glomerular filtration rate is another test done to measure the rate of glomerular filtration. It helps to compare the rate of waste products in the blood and urine of the patient.
Currently, there is no cure for CRF. However, it has been noticed that therapy can assist in controlling the symptoms, it can also help in the reduction of complication risks, and lastly, it may help in slowing down the disease progression. These patients need a large number of medications. The treatments may include the following; first and foremost, Anemia treatment. Since hemoglobin is responsible for carrying oxygen all over the body, in low amounts, the given patient suffers from anemia. Some patients with CRF who suffer from anemia will need blood transfusions. These patients in most cases will have no choice but to take supplements of iron to help increase the hemoglobin level.
Secondly, there is the treatment of high blood pressure. High blood pressure can be said to be a very common problem that patients with CRF undergo. In this case, it is of importance to bring down the blood pressure of these patients so that their kidneys can be protected and most definitely help slow down the progress of the disease. The third form of treatment of CRF is kidney dialysis. This is defined as the removal of excess fluids and waste products from the blood in cases where the kidneys have failed to perform their job. Dialysis can be done in two types. The first one is hemodialysis. In this case, blood is pumped into a dialyzer from the patient’s body for purification. The second one is peritoneal dialysis. In this type of dialysis, the filtration of the blood is done in the patient’s abdomen. A catheter is then implanted into a patient’s abdomen whereby a dialysis solution is filled and then drained out for the time it takes to get rid of excess fluids and wastes (Francisco and Pinera, 2012).
Chronic Renal Failure can be controlled in the various treatment methods that have been listed above. The patients are also advised to visit therapy if necessary to give them a chance to talk about how they feel. This helps them be free with their life despite their current life situation. An individual is also advised to visit healthcare in cases where they see these symptoms that have been listed. Lastly, people with CRF should choose their diets carefully to avoid more complications than they already have.
McCarthy L., Lameire N., Kevin A., et al., (2011). The burden of kidney disease: improving global outcomes. Oxford university press.
Tonelli M., (2013). Chronic kidney disease and mortality risk. A systematic review. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.