Blood Type Questions
What type of blood does the purple-haired female patient have? How do you know based on the clumping of cells in the test tubes?
The purple-haired female patient has blood type AB negative. Agglutination occurred in the test tubes containing antibodies A and B, showing the existence of antigens A and B. However, agglutination did not occur in the rhesus antibodies test tube proving a lack of presence of rhesus antigens.
List ALL blood types that can be given to a patient with the type of blood that the purple-haired female patient has.
The purple-haired female patient can be a recipient of blood types; AB negative, A negative, B negative, and O negative.
What type of blood does the green-haired male patient have? How do you know based on the clumping of cells in the test tubes?
The green-haired patient has blood type A positive. Agglutination occurred in the test tube containing antibodies A, proving the existence of antigens A, whereas agglutination does not occur in the test tube containing the antibodies B proving the non-existence of antigens B. Moreover, agglutination occurs in the test tube with the rhesus antibodies proving the presence of rhesus.
List ALL blood types that can be given to a patient with the type of blood that the green-haired male patient has.
The green-haired male patient can be a recipient of blood types A positive and O positive.
What type of blood does the red-haired male patient have? How do you know based on the clumping of cells in the test tubes?
The red-haired male patient has blood type O positive. Agglutination does not occur in the test tubes containing both A and B antibodies, showing the nonexistence of both A and B antigens. However, the test tube containing the rhesus antibodies clumped, showing the presence of rhesus, thus making it rhesus positive.
List ALL blood types that can be given to a patient with the type of blood that the red-haired male patient has.
The red-haired male patient can be a recipient of blood type O positive.
Which blood type is the universal blood recipient?
AB positive blood type is the universal blood recipient.
Which blood type is the universal donor?
O positive blood type is the universal blood donor.
Can a person with type O blood receive any other blood type besides type O? Why?
Garratty states that a person with blood type O positive cannot receive blood from a different blood type besides O positive (41). Blood type O contains antibodies A and B, and neither antigens A and B. Therefore, blood type O becomes incompatible with other blood groups apart from blood group O itself, since it is the only blood group that will not cause any form of agglutination (Garratty 41).
Can a patient with Rh- blood receive Rh+ blood without rejecting it? Explain why.
According to Daniels, a patient with Rhesus negative blood cannot receive rhesus positive blood without rejecting it (26). Daniels explains that a patient with rhesus negative blood is deficient of the rhesus protein, and therefore receiving blood that is rhesus positive is similar to introducing a foreign body with rhesus antibodies into the blood, thus causing resistance (30).
Garratty, George. Red Cell Antigens and Antibodies. Arlington, Va: American Association of Blood Banks, 1986. Print.
Nobelprize.org. (2018). The Blood Typing Game – Tutorial 3: How do you perform safe blood transfusions?. [online] Available at: https://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/bloodtypinggame/3.html [Accessed 10 Apr. 2018].