Explanation of a synthesis essay
Synthesis essay is similar to argumentative essay only that in synthesis essay you need to have available sources to reinforce your arguments.
Mostly, a synthesis essay is provided by an instructor.
A synthesis is both easy to work and at the same time, it has its own challenges.
Specifically, a synthesis essay requires you to come up with a position while still considering the several relations between the existing sources.
Structure and factors to consider when writing a synthesis essay
For you to present your message efficiently, you require to follow a specific structure when writing a synthesis essay.
First, your content should have an introduction.
The introduction should have one statement that has a summary of the synthesis.
Organized the body by points, theme, the topic or possible similarities.
The organization of your content depends on the patterns which appear in the relevant content.
However, the body should always start with the information in the following paragraphs concerning a particular topic.
While writing it is of essence you use more than one source.
Also, it is important that you indicate the differences or similarities with the sources you are using in an informative manner.
It is essential to ensure that the body has appropriate content that is not biased to avoid weakening the synthesis essay.
After completing the body, ensure you write a conclusion.
The conclusion provides final touches such as either comments or suggestions.
Providing an interpretation to your essay will be of the essence in your conclusion
What remains now on the synthesis essay is proofreading, polishing, and submission.
Synthesis Essay Example #1
Can you Hear Us Now?
The world has become a smaller space with the emergence of technology. Tasks have become simpler and it is easy to communicate with people from different parts of the world. The article, Can you hear us now? By Frank Bures explores the impact of technology in the developing countries in Africa. Frank uses his own experiences to explain how technology has grown and is developing Africa. He explains that when he first went to Africa it was difficult to call back home. He says the phones were either broken or too slow to connect. When he returned, several years later he was able to call his wife to be without any difficulty from his mobile phone. Africa is the need for technology and this technology is essential in the poverty fight. Technology is useful in Africa since it is essential not only for communication but also to provide clean water and easy cooking methods for women. Frank reports and states that a World Bank report found that technological advances were the primary way of reducing poverty in developing countries. The number of people leaving on less than a dollar per day is expected to reduce with the impact of technology. Developing countries are starting to catch up with world technology, for instance, it is easy to make a phone call from Africa to America. This paper explores ways in which technology can be used to fight poverty. The paper, shall refer to Frank Bures’ paper, Can you hear us?
Developing countries, especially those in Africa are constantly faced with challenges technological, political, and economic. All these challenges are attributed to poor mechanisms of collecting and sharing data essential or decision-making. Through sound policies, catastrophes can be mitigated before they are critical. Using technology means that programs are crafted to help vulnerable populations deal with various issues facing them (Davis 1). For instance, the wide use of mobile phones can be implemented to ensure democratic elections. Through biometric technology, election results can be free from manipulation. India is an example of a country that has used this technology. The government of India registered more than 200 million people in the national biometric Identification Effort in a period of fewer than two years.
Technology is also essential in maintaining peace and unity. Frank Bures, explains one such technology is developed by Hersman in 2008. Ushahidi.com would let mobile users report incidences of crime and violence after the Kenyan 2007 post-election violence. Through technology, it was easy to detect worst-hit areas during the violence and put in place mechanisms to foster peace. Additionally, Ushahidi.com is used to track elections in India and violence in Congo. The Application is also used to monitor environmental destruction in Madagascar. Ipaidabribe.com is used in India, Kenya, Indonesia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and Madagascar to curb corruption by allowing people to report corrupt officials anonymously (Mpogole 10).
Most rural parts of Africa depend on firewood for both cooking and lighting. This dependency has resulted in the destruction of forests and is contributing to global climate change. Previously solar energy was mostly used for cooking. With its limitations, however, most women would prefer using firewood for cooking. Using firewood has its health effects; the smoke can cause respiratory diseases especially in children and women. New technologies such as the D-light solar lights are commonly used in most rural parts of Africa. The light is not only cheap to buy but also cheap to maintain. With such technologies, children can do their homework and women can cook without straining their eyes.
The emergent of new technology has made it easier to transfer money from one country to another. At least every household in Africa owns a mobile phone. Most mobile phone users use them to increase their income and professional opportunities. The phones are also used to provide affordable mobile banking. For example, the M-Pesa service with more than 30 million subscribers is used for mobile money transfer for both people with bank accounts and those who do not have bank accounts (Sindewald 1). Many people in the developing world now own pay pal accounts and are able to do online banking transactions with so much ease.
Technology use also encourages innovation of the human mind. The use of technology should not substitute the human mind. It should, however, be used to magnifier human intent and capacity. Technology use should bring out innovative ideas among children and young adults. The greater the capacity of a person then the more the technology will deliver.
The world is significantly becoming a smaller space with technology. These technological advances are not only witnessed in developed countries but also now witnessed in developing countries. Africa, for instance, has developed immensely is expected to develop even more with the use of technology. Technology is not only used to fight poverty but also to foster peace and report corrupt individuals. Through Ushahidi.com, the violence in Congo is being followed. Ipaidabribe.com encourages citizens to report corrupt officials without fear of intimidation. This new technology has made it easy to communicate, is also useful in environmental conservation and used in mobile banking. New technology is encouraging innovation among youth and children.
Sindewald, Laurel. “On the Effects of Mobile Phones on Poverty in Africa.” Rural Systems, Inc. July 2014.
Davis, Susan. “Can Technology End Poverty?” Harvard Business Review. March 2013.
Mpogole, Hoseah. “Mobile Phones and poverty alleviation: A survey Study in Rural Tanzania.” Karlstad University, 2008.
Synthesis Essay Example #1
How is your health issue influenced by the urban (built/man-made) environment?
Obesity among people results from a complex interaction between physical activity, diet, and the environment. According to Papas et al (2007), the built environments comprise a range of social and physical elements that make up a community structure and may influence obesity. The environment, in particular, the built environment plays a significant role in increasing the consumption of energy and decreasing expenditure of energy hence influencing obesity (Hill, 1998).
According to Hill (2003), the built environment play a significant role in influencing obesity in adults and children by creating a climate promoting increased consumption of energy and reducing the expenditure of energy. The many ways in which the manmade environment influences health include not only factors in the broad social and physical environments that include urban development, housing, transportation, land use, agriculture, and industry, but also direct pathological impacts of different biological, chemical and physical agents (CDC, 2007).
There is increasing evidence that the design of most urban areas contributes to the growing obesity prevalence and overweight among adults and children. Some features of the built environments like the presence of the streetlights, sidewalks, streets interconnectivity, use mix and population density seem to encourage physical activities hence reducing obesity risk. However, other factors such as lack of parks, and automobile focus transport and high-speed traffic may discourage physical activity and hence increases the risk of obesity (Berrigan & Troiano, 2002). According to Giles-Corti & Donovan (2002), people living close to parks have a higher likelihood of using them and be active physically compared to those who live far away from the parks. Similarly, Frank et al (2005) indicated that urban neighborhoods with a mixture of types of land use which includes residential, industrial, and commercial and office also appear to be promoting physical activity hence reducing the obesity risk. On the other hand, neighborhoods that exclusively consist of housing appear to dampen physical activity and hence increase obesity risk (Cervero & Duncan, 2003).
According to Krämer et al (2010), economic growth and urbanization may contribute to increased obesity risk through multiple factors such as increased access to calorie, high fat dense food and beverages, promotion of consumption of large food portions, and promotion of increased processed foods that are prepared outside homes. Moreover, transportation and advancement in technology increase efficiency at work and at homes, they may also contribute to increased engagement time in sedentary lifestyle behaviors and decreased expenditure of energy.
There is strong evidence according to the Australian Government (2015) that built environments affect choices of transport modes of both children and adults. Australian Government (2015) further indicated that neighborhoods characterized by a poorly connected network of streets, low density, poor access to services and shops are associated with low walking levels. Furthermore, low walkability or urban sprawls appears to be linked with obesity. This may be because of long commuter trips for an individual to reach suburbs that are located on the fringe or urban.
Papas, M., Alberg, A., Ewing, R., Helzlsouer, K., Gary, T., & Klassen, A. (2007). The Built Environment and Obesity. Epidemiologic Reviews, 29(1), 129-143. doi:10.1093/epirev/mxm009
Hill, J. (1998). Environmental Contributions to the Obesity Epidemic. Science, 280(5368), 1371-1374. doi:10.1126/science.280.5368.1371
Hill, J. (2003). Obesity and the Environment: Where Do We Go from Here?. Science, 299(5608), 853-855. doi:10.1126/science.1079857
CDC,. (2007). CDC – Healthy Places – About Healthy Places. Cdc.gov. Retrieved 1 September 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/about.htm