Powered by ProofFactor - Social Proof Notifications

How to Cite a Thesis in Chicago

May 16, 2022 | 0 comments

blog banner

May 16, 2022 | Blog | 0 comments

The thesis statement is the most important part of any paper, whether it’s your first or last one. In this post, we will break down how to cite a Chicago style citation in Microsoft Word and Google Docs.,

The “how to cite a thesis chicago footnote” is how you should cite your work in the Chicago-style. The Chicago manual of style is a style guide for writing and formatting academic papers, which includes guidelines on how to cite sources.

One of the requirements for receiving a degree and an academic credential is the completion of a dissertation. To provide a successful assignment, you must devote a significant amount of time to reading guidelines, investigating various thesis themes, and dealing with the seemingly infinite list of literary entries. Strict formatting guidelines add to the difficulty of generating an A-grade paper. As a result, many students see dissertation writing and formatting as a daunting task. So, how do you properly cite a thesis in Chicago? Let’s see if we can get this all cleaned up.

It becomes a simple chore if you grasp the assignment’s essential requirements and hazards. Do you lack the time to look through all of those manuals and guides? You are not obligated to do so. We’ve included all of the necessary information for referencing a thesis or dissertation in Chicago and Turabian styles in one page.

Do you have any issues with your dissertation?

Do you have trouble formatting your citations in your paper? Do you have trouble writing a reference page? Do you need a second opinion on your dissertation? Our skilled writers can assist you with your thesis. We’ll polish and shine your work for you.

The Importance of Correct Citation in Theses and Dissertations

Data investigation, collecting, and analysis are all part of the dissertation writing process. It is vital to have your assertion confirmed and endorsed by an impartial expert in order to show its significance. This is when citations come in handy. A well structured thesis seems professional and is unlikely to get a low mark.

Other reasons to pay attention to correct citation in your final academic output include:

  • Demonstrate that you have conducted extensive study;
  • Give credit where credit is due to other professionals, authors, and researchers.
  • Solve the problem of text plagiarism automatically;
  • Demonstrate your statements’ believability;
  • Have all of your major points from your work proven and backed;
  • Allow readers to learn more about the topic by following your references.

Citations from credible sources are an excellent approach to back up your own ideas and statements without leaving the reader in question. Demonstrate the value of your inquiry and academic work to the commission by proving your main points.

Citation Guidelines for Theses and Dissertations

Turabian and Chicago styles are two reference formatting systems. So, how do you properly cite a thesis in Chicago? Choose the one that best suits your needs.

  • Notes and bibliography system – In your text, you must connect a citation to a footnote/endnote using this system. You should then identify sources alphabetically in the Works Cited section or Bibliography at the conclusion of your paper, according to the 16th edition requirements.
  • The system assumes that you write references (including the author’s name, the year the work was published, and the page number) whenever you cite an external work. You must provide a Reference List at the end of the text that lists all of the sources in alphabetical order.

Whatever method you use, be sure to follow all of the guidelines in this Chicago guidebook throughout your text.

Footnotes & Endnotes

You must utilize footnotes in order to properly reference sources and/or add relevant comments. Whether you cite the author explicitly or merely paraphrase the notion, provide a footnote every time you reference a source. Endnotes should be provided at the conclusion of the whole text or chapter, whereas footnotes should be written at the end of every page where you refer to a source. Note numbers should be placed at the end of the phrase (or clause) to which they relate.

Numbers in your dissertation should start with “1” and continue in that order throughout. Footnote numbers are superscripted in the text, whereas endnote numbers are shown in full size. The latter should be followed by a period and include information about the source entry (particularly, the author’s full name, a shorter version of the title (about 4 words), and page numbers).

To correctly structure a footnote, endnote, or Entries in the bibliography, look at the samples below. You may use them as a starting point.


1Mariah Burton Nelson, The Stronger She Gets, the Better (Harcourt Grace, New York, 1998), 68.


1. Mariah Burton Nelson, The Stronger the Female Gets, the Better: Sexism in American Culture (Harcourt Grace, New York, 1998), 68.

Entry for the bibliography (applicable to both):

Mariah Burton, Nelson The Stronger the Female, the Better: Sexism in the United States

Harcourt Grace, New York, 1998. Culture.

When structuring footnotes and endnotes in your bachelor thesis or dissertation and deciding how to reference a thesis Chicago, keep the following style requirements in mind:

  • Notes, like all other paragraphs, are indented.
  • Begin each note with its reference number, which should be written as a normal text rather than a subscript.
  • Between the note number and the detailed source description, put a semicolon.
  • Single-space footnotes and endnotes, with one blank line between them;
  • If you reference the same source repeatedly, reduce the remark to only the author’s name and the source’s page number.

Sources Referenced

To avoid confusing the reader, keep in mind how various sources’ titles should be structured.

Italics Use quotation marks to make a point.
Books Publications in journals
Collections that have been edited Any edition’s articles
Movies Episodes of a television show
Documents Titles of songs


Sources must follow the formatting requirement regardless of where they are referenced – in the text, in the note, or in the bibliography. For all forms of source entries, whether it’s a journal article, a book title, or a song, use title case.

Page of Bibliography

Every dissertation and thesis should contain a reference list at the conclusion of the work, according to the Chicago manual style 16th edition specifications. At the conclusion of your dissertation, provide a “Bibliography” section with a list of sources referenced throughout the work. The page label should be written at the top of the page, centered. Simply said, you may list all of the sources under the title.

Between the “Bibliography” title and the first list item, leave two blank lines; between the other entries, one blank line is sufficient. Arrange all source entries in alphabetical order (using the author’s surname as a guide) and flush the first line of each item.

Thesis or Dissertation Footnote Citation

Superscript numerals are used in the Chicago Manual of Style’s footnote reference system to indicate citations. In Chicago referencing, the footnote style for a thesis or dissertation is similar to that of a book. The key distinction is that the title should be written in quotation marks rather than italics:

n. Author name, “paper title” (kind of paper, academic institution, completion year), page number, URL/database name (document ID).

If you read the article online, you simply need to provide a URL or database name and ID. If you were to reference page 42 of John Smith’s printed PhD thesis, your footnote would be like follows:

1. John Smith, “Useful Ideas for Research,” University of Learning, PhD diss., 2006, 42.

Simply add the term “abstract” after the title if you’re merely quoting an abstract:

2. Tom Persson, abstract, “Great Thoughts and Stuff,” master’s thesis, Educational Establishment of City Name Here, 2012, 81, https://CityNameUniversity.edu/1901.11/39144.

Use the normal abridged footnote format for repeat citations.

Footnote Citations Have Been Simplified

After presenting complete source information in the first footnote, you may reduce future citations of the same source to avoid redundancy in Chicago footnote referencing. The author’s surname, a shortened title, and the page(s) quoted should all be included in these shorter footnotes:

  1. Alan C. Jenkins, Wildlife in the City: Animals, Birds, Reptiles, Insects and Plants in an Urban Landscape (London: Holt & Company, 1983), 13.
  2. Corvus: A Life with Birds (London: Granta Publications, 2008), 234. Esther Woolfson, Corvus: A Life with Birds (London: Granta Publications, 2008), 234.
  3. Jenkins, 102, in Wildlife in the City.

If you’re quoting two persons with the same surname in your paper, be sure to provide the person’s initial as well as their surname.

Citations by Author–Date

The author–date approach, which employs in-text citations, is also used in Chicago referencing. To mention the same source many times in this document, just repeat the citation:

Birds of prey in urban environments are described by Alan Jenkins (1983). Peregrine falcons, he claims, are a “wonderful example of adaptive behavior” (Jenkins 1983, 13).

All you need to do with repeat Citations by Author–Date, then, is make sure they are consistent!

Entry in the Bibliography

Entry in the Bibliography for a thesis or dissertation will be similar to the first footnote citation. However, there are a few differences in the format:

  • A full stop, not a comma, must be used between each element.
  • The surname and first name of the first author should be reversed (i.e., “Surname, First Name”).
  • The extra paper information does not need parenthesis (i.e., the paper type, institution, and year of completion).
  • There is no need to provide a page number.

As a result, these sources’ bibliographies should look like this:

Surname of the author, first name of the author “The title of the paper.” The kind of paper, the academic institution, and the year of completion are all important factors to consider. The URL/database ID is a combination of the two.

As a result, you’d format your bibliographical entries as follows:

“Great Thoughts and Stuff,” by Tom Persson. Abstract. Educational Establishment of City Name Here, master’s thesis, 2012. https://CityNameUniversity.edu/1901.11/39144.

“Useful Research Ideas,” by John Smith. University of Learning, PhD dissertation, 2006.

The information provided above will assist you in properly citing a dissertation or thesis using Chicago footnote referencing. Do you need more assistance double-checking your references and writing for errors? Our staff of professional proofreaders is accessible 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Do you want to be certain that your thesis is flawless?

Once you’ve completed your final academic assignment, you may hire a professional proofreader to rapidly rectify any issues.

What Does It Take to Write a Dissertation That Gets an A?

If the topic is well studied and relevant material is correctly mentioned, getting a good mark on your final paper is simple. As a result, you may prevent plagiarism and make your work appear professional and well-researched.


The notes and bibliography system is shown in the following examples. Full citations for the same sources are shown in sample notes, followed by shorter citations for the same sources.



  1. Swing Time, by Zadie Smith (New York: Penguin Press, 2016), pp. 315–16.
  2. Brian Grazer and Charles Fishman, A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015), 12.

Notes have been shortened.

  1. 320 in Smith’s Swing Time.
  2. Curious Mind, Grazer and Fishman, 37.

Entries in the bibliography (in alphabetical order)

Grazer, Brian, and Charles Fishman. A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015.

Swing Time, Zadie Smith, Zadie Smith, Zadie Smith, Zadie Smith, Zadie Smith, Za Penguin Press, New York, 2016.

A chapter or other section of a book that has been altered

Cite particular pages in a note. Include the chapter or part’s page range in the bibliography.

Henry David Thoreau, “Walking,” in John D’Agata, ed., The Making of the American Essay (Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016), 177–78.

Thoreau, “Walking,” 182, Note that has been shortened

“Walking,” by Henry David Thoreau, is a bibliography item. 167–95 in John D’Agata’s edited collection The Making of the American Essay. Graywolf Press, Minneapolis, 2016.

In certain circumstances, citing the collection as a whole may be preferable.


The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata (Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, 2016), 177–78.

Note that has been shortened

182 in D’Agata’s American Essay.

Entries in the bibliography

The Making of the American Essay, edited by John D’Agata. Graywolf Press, Minneapolis, 2016.

Book that has been translated


In Other Words, Jhumpa Lahiri, Ann Goldstein (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2016), 146.

Note that has been shortened

184 in Jhumpa Lahiri’s In Other Words.

Entries in the bibliography

Jhumpa Lahiri, Jhumpa Lahiri, Jhumpa Lahiri, J To put it another way. Ann Goldstein did the translation. Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 2016.


Include a URL or the name of the database if the book was accessed online. Name the format for different sorts of e-books. If there are no set page numbers, mention a section title, a chapter, or another number in the notes, if any (or simply omit).


  1. Herman Melville, Moby-Dick; or, The Whale (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851), 627, http://mel.hofstra.edu/moby-dick-the-whale-proofs.html.
  2. The Founders’ Constitution, edited by Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), chap. 10, doc. 19, http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.
  3. The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016), 92, ProQuest Ebrary. Brooke Borel, The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016), 92, ProQuest Ebrary.
  4. Pride and Prejudice (New York: Penguin Classics, 2007), chap. 3, Kindle. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (New York: Penguin Classics, 2007), chap. 3, Kindle.

Notes have been shortened.

  1. Moby-Dick Melville, Moby-Dick Melville, Moby-Dick Melville, Moby-Dick Melville, Moby-
  2. Founders’ Constitution, chap. 4, doc. 29. Kurland and Lerner, Founders’ Constitution, chap. 4, doc. 29.
  3. Fact-Checking, 104–5. Borel, Fact-Checking, 104–5.
  4. Chapter 14 of Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen.

Entries in the bibliography (in alphabetical order)

Jane Austen is a famous author. Pride and Prejudice are two words that come to mind while thinking about Pride and Prejud Penguin Classics, New York, 2007. Kindle.

Brooke Borel, Brooke Borel, Brooke Borel, Brooke Borel, Brooke Borel, Brooke Borel, Brooke Bor University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 2016. Ebrary by ProQuest.

Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds. The Constitution of the United States, as written by the Founders. The University of Chicago Press published this book in 1987. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/.

Melville, Herman. Moby-Dick; or, The Whale. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1851. http://mel.hofstra.edu/moby-dick-the-whale-proofs.html.

The “how to cite a dissertation apa” is an important part of the writing process. Theses and dissertations are written according to the APA style.

Rate this post