For those writing at A-level and beyond, it becomes necessary for them to learn how to reference correctly.
There are a variety of different referencing systems named after the universities that popularize the method.
For example, the Chicago reference style provides two ways of referencing: in-text or using footnotes/endnotes is preferred by humanities students who desire an all-inclusive approach.
At the same time, science subjects would rather have author name and date,
within parenthesis ( ), placed on the first mention only as opposed to being included with each sentence beginning with this information.
The Chicago Manual of Style, first published in 1906, is a respected editorial style manual that includes sections on the new language usage.
Because this book was one of the earliest to be posted and has extensively covered changes in modern-day life because of computing and online publishing with its fifteenth edition (published 2003), it’s still relevant today as an editor’s resource for publications like The New York Times or Vanity Fair Magazine.
In the Chicago referencing style, references for material taken from books should appear as follows:
The author-date system (usually for science subjects) appears as follows:
In the text: write author surname, publication date, and page number:- (Cottrell, 2008, 23).
Bibliography: The reader can then refer to your reference list for the full listing, which you write as author surname, author the first name in full, date of publication, title in italics, place, and name of the publisher:-
Cottrell, Stella. 2008. The Study Skills Handbook. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
The Study Skills Handbook by Stella Cottrell offers students a comprehensive guide for success in the classroom and outside of it.
The book provides advice on time management and studying techniques that will help you learn more efficiently without sacrificing valuable socializing or recreation time.
If you’re looking for specific study tips from professors at top-tier schools like Harvard University, Princeton University, Cornell College in Iowa, then this is an indispensable resource!
For the humanities, the reference appears in a footnote or endnote, giving the author’s first name in full, then the surname, book title in italics, and then bracketing the place of publication, publisher name, and date of publication.
The frames are then closed, and the page number appears outside of them:-
Stella Cottrell, The Study Skills Handbook (Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), 23
The bibliography is a valuable reference because it saves you the trouble of looking up each book to find out who was published and when they were published.
Cottrell, Stella. The Study Skills Handbook. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.
It’s also handy for identifying which books are relevant instead of ones meant for your little sister.
The University of Chicago produces a comprehensive guide to citation styles which you can find on their website.
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