Case Study Proposal

Case Study Proposal

Introduction

Currently, budgeting and financial statuses in the Samuels Waters College are a hindrance to the developments of the organization. Budgeting involves handling the funds within the organization most of which comes from the students’ tuition fees and others from the investors in the organization. Financial statuses involve the payments made to the respective stakeholders concerned and working together with them as a team to share opinions in order to increase the affected business. The statuses in the organization hold the largest part in the organization development since without proper funding and budgeting system no benefit can be realized in the organization. The poor budgeting makes the situation in the organization very harsh such that it is not able to cater for all its financial processes such as paying the staff (Yin, 2003).

The problem in the case study is as a result of poor budgeting due to lack of a strategized budget plan to handle and cover the situation in the organization. The concern of the case study aims at coming up with the proper and strategized budgeting plan to make the realization of goals in this organization easy. It is in the plan of creating a new budgeting layout to improve the institution in its processes. The college, therefore, fails to improve the goal’s set and target plan. The president of the college initializes a budgeting retreat to improve the situation in the organization by inviting representatives of the stakeholders and involve them in the decision-making process. Involving the members of the organization sets it to the development since the views collected favors each and every member of the organization after the implementation. The teams need proper information sharing, and this reduces the chances of development of the organization, (Yin, 2003)

Concerns of the case study

The first solution involves emphasizing and improving collaboration in the business. Since no man is an island in any institution, having a team to support the proceedings and plan for the company. There is a need to make each member feel valued and encouraging them also. Before any collaboration carries a set job, the benefits should be outlined. The team should also have an objective before starting the process. All the team members should feel important by taking each and every ones’ opinion in order to come up with a well-outlined proposal. The team leader should organize meetings which will make it a general way meeting, therefore, when a job on the table needs a study, the laying down of the opinions will be very easy since it is a general way. Turn taking during discussions should get emphasized. It is perfectly acceptable to pause when it is one’s turn in a conversation and give oneself a moment to organize one’s thoughts and think about what you want to say. Outlining clear roles to the team members should also get emphasized. It boosts the collaboration ability to carry out a given task appropriately and efficiently. By cooperation and the responsibility in the institution will be strengthened, and the tasks will efficiently run on a study note (Jackson, 2011).

The plan pointed the methods to improve budgeting of the Samuels Water College to solve the challenges faced during the financial and economic executions. The budgeting in an organization handles and occupies the largest part in every organization since it ensures that the funding of each and every sector of the organization runs smoothly. The necessity to pass knowledge and appropriate skills required in a discussion. Each and every person’s proposal should get considered. There should have an efficient information exchange. The way in which negotiators communicate and exchange information affects the outcome reached via the negotiation. Every member of the team should get an opportunity freely to express the views relating the issue at study. The collaboration emphasis should be carried out by explicitly allocating the tasks to the respective   team members. It shall reduce the problem of confusions and lack of understanding when discussing a particular topic (Jackson, 2011).

Recommendation

The proposal however gives way to handle and tackle the tight budgeting issue in the Samuels Waters College. The proposal is based on the case study there earlier as discussed by the team members, and the conclusion aims at giving an outcome as per the discussions. According to the team members’ discussion and the drawn conclusions, the institution should implement and set into practice the new budgeting the system. The new system budgeting plan to be implemented includes having an assessment of what the organization uses as expenditure on the all the funds paid to the organization. Secondly, the organization should have several financial engineers to perform the arithmetic executions on the budgeting procedures and make rectifications if need be on the wrong trends in the budget. Apparently set and focused institution must also embrace the views from each and every person in an organization. The organization must exercise the opinions from all the stakeholders of the organization since the success of any academic institution lies on the hands of the students, staff and the administration. The organization should aim at emphasizing and improving collaboration in the business (Caren, n.d.).

Since no man is an island in any institution, having a team to support the proceedings and plan for the company. There is a need to make each member feel valued and encouraging them also. Before any collaboration carries a set job, the benefits should be outlined. The team should also have an objective before starting the process. All the team members should feel important by taking each and every ones’ opinion in order to come up with a well-outlined proposal. The external bodies include the suppliers to the organization, the banks and the investors to the organization. After the implementation of the new budgeting plan, the institution must make an effort to ensure that the partners of the institution get notified for them to have an idea on the new resolutions in the organization aimed at improving the performance of the organization. The notification to the external stakeholders of the organization gives them the courage to invest more and restore the motivation to continue serving the organization effectively (Caren, n.d.).

References

Caren, J. (n.d.). The recommendation (1st ed.).

Jackson, B. (2011). The proposal (1st ed.). Don Mills, Ont.: Harlequin.

Yin, R. (2003). Applications of case study research (1st ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

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Histology Detective and Brains Cape

Histology Detective and Brains Cape- Cells
  • This case study focuses on the identification of metastatic tissues — cells that are “out of place” causing tumors elsewhere in the Name the cells you identified in this sample of lung tissue and the main characteristics that you can use to distinguish them.

From the observation of the sample there are variety of cells which can be identified as melanocytes. The main characteristics that can be used in distinguishing them is their attachment to the stratified squamous epithelial tissue. Moreover, they are larger and darker compared to the surrounding calls. Melanocytes are densely packed and have only one nucleus.

  • How did you use the main characteristics of different tissues that you learned in your lecture and lab sections as the basis for identifying those cells responsible for the tumor?

I applied my histology knowledge from my lectures in distinguishing the features of different cells. I had knowledge on how melanocytes and the natural cells look like on a slide hence it was very easy distinguishing and describing the cells. The cells under observations were abnormal from their look. They were larger in size, darker in color and round. Moreover. Their nucleus were larger compared to the other nucleus of the normal cells and has less cytoplasm. The melanocytes on the slide is always darker compared to the normal cells. According to Garbe et al (2010), there exists significant differences between the tumor cells and the native cells since the tumor cells are widespread in the extracellular fluid, are larger, much darker and more so cube shaped. On the other hand, the native cells are packed densely, smaller, and elongated.

  • In addition to the information in the case presentation (including the web sites contained in the case itself), what other information did you find to determine the identity of the cells and whether one type of cell had migrated from elsewhere in the body? Where did you find this information?
  1. Garbe, C., Peris, K., Hauschild, A., Saiag, P., Middleton, M., Spatz, A., Grob, J. J., … Eggermont, A. (January 01, 2010). Diagnosis and treatment of melanoma: European consensus-based interdisciplinary guideline. European Journal of Cancer, 46, 2, 270-283. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19959353
  2. NIH Consensus Development Conference on Diagnosis and Treatment of Early Melanoma, & National Institutes of Health (U.S.). (1992). Diagnosis and treatment of early melanoma. Bethesda, Md: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Office of Medical Applications of Research. Retrieved from http://consensus.nih.gov/1992/1992Melanoma088html.htm
  3. Sonda, Vemon K., MD, Zager, Jonathan S., MD, Messiana, Jane L., M Hemonc today. (2008, Oct 10). Retrieved from http://www.hemonctoday.com/article.aspx?rid=37772

 What does each of these additional items contribute to the solution of the case? For example, the item contains data from specific tests, trials, or experiments, or presents analyses that can be used to understand the main issues in this case

The article “Diagnosis and treatment of melanoma: European consensus-based interdisciplinary guideline” provided experimental illustrating melanoma components. This affirmed that native cells can be differentiated from the invasive cells by features such as arrangement, form and color. The study used histology in identifying the invasive cells from the non-invasive ones (Garbe et al, 2010).

In the NIH article, “Diagnosis and treatment of early melanoma,” majorly the study was based on histology. The study distinguished fully developed melanoma and the early melanoma by categorizing their histological features. Moreover, they identified melanoma stages and different types of melanoma with application of histology (NIH et al, 1992).

In the third study, researcher physicians in two universities in three different melanoma cases of various origins in the body. However, all the characteristics of the abnormal cells were distinguished to be melanocytes. The identified abnormal features of the cells are similar to the ones in this case study, hence proving that the abnormal cells observed in the lung tissue were melanocytes (Sonda et al, 2008).

  • What other findings or information in this case are consistent with the information you located? Name those similarities in each of your additional resources. How do these resources apply what you have learned about identifying tissues and cells histologically?

From the article I reviewed, there was similarity with the case study in many areas. First, all the studies and the case used a similar method in diagnosing melanoma. They applied the cells histological characteristics in determining their status whether they are noninvasive or invasive cells. The characteristics identified helped in classification of the cells and in determining their origin.

  • What findings or information in each of the additional resources are not consistent with the findings in this case? Name those differences in each of your additional resources. How do these resources apply what you have learned about identifying tissues and cells histologically?

In the article “Diagnosis and treatment of early melanoma,” the study asserted that the cells making melanoma were the stratified melanoma epithelium (NIH et al, 1992). This contradicts the results of the case

  • If your proposed resolution of the case is correct, what other observations might we expect to find in this case?

Other observations we might find include metastasis of the tumor to other organs hence the patients could suffer from other compounded problems like neurological problems, digestion and bleeding.

  • Give your solution to this case and, on a scale of 1–5, rate how confident you are in your conclusions in questions 1 and 2

I would rate my confidence at 5 out of 5 because of the observable characteristics of melanoma

  • In considering your resolution and level of confidence level from question 8, describe how you located the information you used in this case.

To begin the search, I started with the most comprehensive data base that is Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (NINAH) (Kennedy 2009). The search then continued to search engines such as British Nursing Index, MEDLINE. Moreover PubMed and NCBI were other major search engines which assisted some of the relevant articles. These search engines were used because they contained most of the peer review articles and books. To limit and narrow down the search for articles, internal searches of the databases was used by inserting full length of texts and searching the relevant articles from the list of journals displayed. Moreover, I limited myself to the current articles of up to 5 years

What you might do differently if you had it to do over again? For example, would you use different resources and strategies? Different information?

First, I would use different relevant articles to make companions of different studies. Moreover, I would try using group work to get opinions and arguments of different group members

References

Garbe, C., Peris, K., Hauschild, A., Saiag, P., Middleton, M., Spatz, A., Grob, J. J., … Eggermont, A. (January 01, 2010). Diagnosis and treatment of melanoma: European consensus-based interdisciplinary guideline. European Journal of Cancer, 46, 2, 270-283. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19959353

Kennedy, J. R. (2009). Library research guide to education: illustrated search strategy and sources. Ann Arbor, Mich, Pierian Press.

NIH Consensus Development Conference on Diagnosis and Treatment of Early Melanoma, & National Institutes of Health (U.S.). (1992). Diagnosis and treatment of early melanoma. Bethesda, Md: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, Office of Medical Applications of Research. Retrieved from http://consensus.nih.gov/1992/1992Melanoma088html.htm

Sonda, Vemon K., MD, Zager, Jonathan S., MD, Messiana, Jane L., MD.  Hemonc today. (2008, Oct 10). Retrieved from http://www.hemonctoday.com/article.aspx?rid=37772

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