You are debating with your friend over the medicinal use of marijuana.
You believe that it should not be used anywhere even medicines worldwide as it may lead to many problems.
Your friend believes that there are situations where marijuana can serve as the best medicine.
Now to prove your point both of you are ready to write argumentative papers on the topic.
But before writing anything you need to know a few things:
What Is An Argumentative Essay?
An argumentative essay is a persuasive way used to find a solution for convincing someone with an opinion or idea.
It is applied based on well-researched facts and evidence to increase the convincing power of the argument.
Although the writing process of a regular essay might be tedious, an argumentative essay is even more taunting.
This argumentative essay is created under the writer’s opinion or idea which is used to convince anyone with opposing viewpoints.
However, it’s not as easy as you may think just like creating some statements does not help in cutting the mustard.
An argumentative essay shows the importance of possessing some major components which increase the power of the convincing.
Argumentative essays require a student to use strong arguments to support their point of view, and even create arguments to refute opposing views.
It is important to note that you need to use credible evidence to back up your arguments.
Therefore, you have to dedicate ample time towards research and gathering data and information.
Combine hard evidence with persuasive language, and you will come up with an excellent argumentative essay.
How To Write The Argumentative Essay
Unlike a regular essay, this type of essay requires a particular structure. The chosen topic for the article should be eye-catching to attract a good number of readers.
After deciding on the subject, it’s time to come with an argument based on the same. In the argument part, it requires strong statements for your idea to be convincing.
This is essay part needs a lot of creativity because it works along with the readers’ thoughts.
Remember that personal experience will not help in strengthening your argumentative essay.
Besides, with a good content source like scientific studies and government resources will be appreciated by any reader even when he or she is on the opposition side.
It is also vital to ensure that you are using data that is relevant to the essay topic.
Supporting The Viewpoint Of The Opposition
It’s good to consider that each topic has a different point of view and having the ability to disapprove the viewpoint of your opposition ignites the success of an argumentative essay.
With a few examples of an argumentative essay, this issue can be demonstrated easily.
A top quality example presents a topic backing them with a set of strong evidence. It is the strength of your evidence that decides the fate of your claim.
Objecting The Opponents Viewpoint
An opponent may not be happy with the refuting; however, if the essay contains four or three strong evidence to support the ideas.
The opposition views should be acknowledged although the refuting process has to feature things like facts, logic, quotes, and several statistics.
The presence of many pieces of evidence and statistics increases the strength of an essay. This is the section where much work and intensive research is needed to get enough facts and proofs.
But also a creative process of thoughts is required to lessen the research work and also to find any loopholes in the views of the opposition.
In most cases, the opposition views come in the third or second paragraphs in an argumentative essay.
The same content can also be used at the end, in the first paragraph or even in the body.
However, the references to the source must be included in the section for double checking of the evidence.
A conclusion comes at the end of the excellent task, and this conclusion is included in the best argumentative essay examples.
The judgment contains a summary of the main points and all the supportive evidence.
To be precise, it’s a summary of the full argumentative essay. The abstract should reflect an emphasis on the topic before concluding your essay.
This section is recommended to be maintained within a few paragraphs to avoid annoying readers.
An argumentative essay example shows that its success is determined by the convincing power of the statements to make readers adopt your opinions.
A professional and calm approach to writing the essay helps the writer in obtaining facts and evidences for backing up the claims.
In the end, this results in excellent results.
When an essay has been dusted and done, you should not adopt the philosophy of ‘shut it and forget it.’
It’s recommended to go through the piece polishing it and checking any errors including necessary spelling and grammatical mistakes.
This refines the essay further providing an excellent template for future use.
Argumentative Essay vs Persuasive Essay
Generally people cannot differentiate between these two types and take them as the same, but there is a clear difference between these two.
Both of these essays serve the purpose of proving your point of view but both are distinctively different in their method of proving from each other.
Persuasive essays use emotional aspect and moral reasoning to influence the readers’ point of view while the arguments put forward in an argumentative essay are based on factual information and logical reasoning.
In the discussion of the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes, the writer should be able to differentiate between these two types.
For an argumentative essay it is important to disregard the emotional aspects like religious point of view and ethics.
You can discuss and focus on these in a persuasive essay but for argumentative essays focus on the one dimensional logical reasoning.
Sample Topics for Argumentative Essays
- Is animal testing necessary for our life on this earth?
- Should death penalty be made a law for serious crimes?
- Should immigrants be given more rights?
- Is college so much important to make a good society?
- What should be done for the elimination of bias from the journalists’ work?
Format of an Argumentative Essay
An argumentative essay is just like most of the traditional written assignments.
It starts with an introduction just like any essay then body paragraphs, the number of which depends upon the topic and the length of the assignment, and a conclusion at the end.
This is the basic structure with every part playing its specific role.
The introduction of an argumentative essay is similar to that of the persuasive essay.
The hook statement hooks the reader to read the entire essay till the last sentence.
It arrests the interest of the reader in an interesting way.
This may be in the form of any interesting statement, a shocking and revealing fact or a rhetorical question.
Thus it serves the purpose of grabbing the readers’ attention and interest.
- Example: Can we say that ONE individual has more rights over the other?
This will definitely stir the reader’s mind and make him think about what you said.
It will also hook your reader along to the end thinking where and how you will lead from this point.
Introduction: After you have initially grabbed the attention of your reader, now try to use facts or any points that might be important to talk about your thesis.
The introduction is important to give the reader some detail about the argument put forward.
The background information that you give to the reader must be relevant to the topic.
And how will you exactly create the thesis statement? You need to just follow a few basic and simple guidelines:
- Always phrase your thesis as a factual statement rather than an uncertain idea or a question.
- Your thesis should be a definitive statement. It should be properly analyzed and researched by the writer and then used to prove something using supporting material.
- This should be an original and unique thought and not an obvious and simple statement. It should not have been much researched. If it is an obvious fact then your essay will not be an impressive one and you will not be able to hook your reader as your whole essay will be written around it. So, it needs to be a fresh and unique thesis. In short it should not be an issue, question or statement that can be explained or answered in one sentence.
Body of an Argumentative Essay
The number of paragraphs depends upon the length of your essay.
This number varies with the kind of topic you are writing on.
If your thesis statement talks about something that can be explained and thus proved in a few points then the length of your essay will be short.
On the other hand if your thesis statement is a unique one that requires more analysis and research and you need much information to put into your essay then the length of your essay will increase with this, thus increasing its length.
Now let us see the different segments of every paragraph.98uyfdrc
Topic Sentence: Topic sentence introduces the reader to what your main topic of discussion will be.
It should not explain anything but should serve the purpose of stirring the mind of the reader and pulling him towards reading your essay further.
Therefore it should be just one coherent sentence that is complete in itself and makes your idea clear and comprehensible.
Example: The death penalty is an efficient and economical way of getting rid of those humans who are a serious threat to the society.
In argumentative essays you have to be straight forward and cold blooded.
Sounds harsh right? You need to get used to it.
For argumentative essays you have to disregard emotions and come up with harsh but real facts!
- Analyzing the Argument: Here you need to answer the reader why do you say what you have said in your argument for this you need to briefly explain your main argument. Now you need to prove the authenticity of your point to the reader. The length of this part will depend upon the amount of information you want to use to support it.
- Example: The incarceration per inmate in the US is $31,286 per annum. Knowing the fact that this individual caused much financial damage without contributing towards the betterment of society, he is definitely a serious threat to the society and therefore should be given the death penalty!
Statements so harsh and morally offensive are all that make up all argumentative essays.
For these essays you will have to take one side or the other and support your arguments and prove them with facts.
Supporting Evidence: An analysis would be incomplete without the supporting evidence required to prove its authenticity.
This sentence will support your main argument with some real Evidence for your thesis statement.
Providing evidence will strengthen your argument.
- Example: Generally a government spends a big amount of money on an incarcerated prisoner per year! What purpose is left behind of this when the individual is living a futile life without giving any benefit to the society but just damaging it!
The above statement gives a logical reason and supports the idea stated in the thesis statement proving its authenticity.
- Using counterargument to counterargument: For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Similarly every argument will have a counter argument, and one should be able to identify and recognise it without which your argument will lose its weight. Therefore in an argumentative essay you need to identify and present the counter argument as well as validate your argument showing that your stance holds more weight!
- Example: It is arguable that humans should be given second chances as the probability of the success of this second chance is much less than the economic burden on the nation. Thus it would be quite risky to take such a chance and would prolong the economic suffering of the nation!
Here you would have seen that a common counter-argument that any layman can definitely consider has been presented and then using logical reasoning this argument has been denied proving that my stance holds more weight!
- Concluding statement:
When you think you have provided enough explanation and evidence and hence proved your point and defeated the opposite side, you need to wrap up your discussion with a satisfying statement.
You do not need to write a sentence with something new in it but just reconfirm the proven points.
Your tone in the sentence should be an assertive one.
Example: In other words, it seems an overall ridiculous decision at the cost of a nation’s economy to keep a fellow human alive who is a continuous threat to the society!
It should be as short and to the point as possible!
These were the parts of each paragraph of an essay. Now come to the last paragraph that is conclusion.
This comprises the last part of the essay, which restates the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph and concludes the overall essay.
Now let’s break down the concluding paragraph into its constituent parts!
- Restatement of Thesis: The title is self-explanatory as you will only need to rephrase your thesis statement. It shouldn’t include any new information.
- Example: Thanks to the ruling government, it can now limit its economic losses which have been caused by individuals to the nation in terms of wealth as well as health!
- Restatement of Key Points: Remember the key ideas included in your body paragraphs with which you proved your thesis? Now it is time to pick them up again and rephrase them for further assertion.
- Overall Concluding Statement: Here you need to make a statement that not only sums up your essay by restating the thesis statement but also validates it by peeping into the future with repercussions if the thought is not given due consideration. This would give a strong appeal to your essay.
Example: Keeping in view the financial situation of our nation we should struggle hard to keep it above water.
I would say that we are going to impact the nation’s capital health and prolong the disease of inhumane activities if we got rid of the death penalty.
General Tips on Argumentative Essays
- Reason not Emotion: for an argumentative essay, we must remember that we are supposed to direct our points towards rational reasoning. Who cares for the emotions here!
- Remember Counterarguments: Most of the writers forget to include counterarguments. This will surely harm their rate of success. A well supported argument without a considered counterargument is half as strong as it should be. Therefore always remember to explain why your stance carries more weight!
- Get peer help: Your ideas or points will always make sense to you after all they are your ideas. But have you ever wondered whether they also make sense to your reader. Peer editing is a very useful technique to validate the logic behind your arguments and tell you how much your readers are going to understand your ideas!
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Argumentative Essay Outline
An outline, to an essay, is what a plan is to a building.
If you were to build a house without a plan, you are likely going to run into numerous problems, and the final product will not be as good as expected.
If a good plan minimizes the risk of errors and getting stuck, why not create it?
Students start writing essays without an outline mostly because they do not appreciate the advantages of an outline.
And, even some of those who do know its benefits do not know how to come up with an outline.
With that in mind, we have come with the following guide on how to create an argumentative essay outline.
Argumentative Essay Outline Format
Your outline should follow the following format:
The introduction is one paragraph that should introduce the reader to your topic and your point of view.
Consider the following tips when writing the introduction:
- Begin your introduction with a hook. The first statement should grab the attention of the reader. For an argumentative essay, a hook can be a controversial statement, a less known fact, a piece of statistical data, or an intriguing question.
- Explain the importance of the topic. What is the importance of talking about that topic?
- Explain why you are talking about the subject and let the reader know your point of view.
- Present your thesis statement. Clearly, state the argument or claim you will support in the body of your essay.
Several paragraphs that provide arguments to support your main argument.
Each supporting argument should be on its paragraph.
You could start with the arguments supporting your claim, then finish with sections refuting the opposing views.
Or, you could start with a paragraph that refutes the main opposing view, then continue to support your claim in the paragraphs that follow.
The conclusion is a paragraph that sums up your main points and your argument.
In this section, remind your readers of the importance of the topic, restate your thesis, and relate it to your supporting arguments.
Readers mostly remember the ending of any piece.
Therefore, it is important that you create a strong conclusion that will stick in the readers’ minds for long.
You can create a memorable conclusion by ending it with a rhetorical question, a statement that inspires the reader to conduct further research or a call to action.
Argumentative Essay Outline Template
- Hook: Begin with an anecdote, a piece of statistic, an intriguing question, or a controversial statement.
- Explain why the topic is important and why people should care.
- State your thesis: What is your point of view? (Also, you could briefly state the arguments you will use to back up your claim).
- Argument #1: State your argument by crafting it to a topic statement. Use an in-citation from one of your sources to support it. Mention different points to support the argument.
- Argument #2: State your argument by crafting it to a topic statement. Use an in-citation from one of your sources to support it. Mention different points to support the argument.
- Argument #3: State your argument by crafting it to a topic statement. Use an in-citation from one of your sources to support it. Mention different points to support the argument.
NB: You could show how your arguments refute a related opposing view in each paragraph or in a separate section.
- Restate your thesis
- Sum up your arguments
- Conclude by asking a rhetorical question based on your argument or by asking your readers to do something about the topic of discussion.
Copy the template above and use it each time you are preparing to write an argumentative essay.
Argumentative Essay Outline Example
Now, let us put the information above into perspective.
The following is an outline prepared by one of our writers, who was preparing to write an argumentative essay titled: Isn’t illegalizing abortion violating women’s rights?
- Hook: Mention statistical data on the prevalence of abortion.
- Explain why there is divided opinion on the topic of abortion. Highlight the reasons why a woman might opt for abortion and why some people are against the practice.
- State your thesis: There are concrete reasons why abortion was legalized in the first place: amending the constitution to illegalize abortion is a disregard of women’s rights and will definitely cost some women important opportunities.
- Argument #1: Women have a right to their own bodies. Support this argument using different points drawn from your sources.
- Argument #2: Illegalizing it will increase abortion-related fatalities, as people will still seek abortion services. Support this argument using different points drawn from your sources.
- Argument #3: It is not fair for a mistake to shape the rest of a woman’s life. You could support such an argument by referring to cases of rape and unwanted pregnancies.
- Restate your thesis: Abortion should remain a choice if we are to term ourselves a progressive generation.
- Sum up your arguments
- Conclude by asking a rhetorical question based on your argument or by asking your readers to do something about the topic of discussion. For instance: Why are politician diverting their attention from the war on terror to start a war on ovaries?
We have not only shown you how to create an argumentative essay outline, but also provided you with an outline template, and demonstrated how to use the template.
So, basically, you have all you need to research and start writing your argumentative essay.
Remember to copy and save the outline template above, or bookmark this page for future reference.
ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY EXAMPLES
When providing an extensive explanation of writing argumentative essays, it is best to offer examples to give an in-depth understanding of an argumentative essay.
‘Is much money being paid to the CEOs?’ and ‘Have people become too much dependent on mobile phones? These are the two topics chosen for argumentative essay examples.
Let’s have a look at each argumentative essay example.
EXAMPLE OF ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY #1
Are CEOs Receiving Too Much Salary?
After the 2008 financial crisis, the world had made the CEOs the talking point. They have played many roles in the financial crisis because their wage packets are very high.
The media was alerted by the amount of money received by top people most organizations. Even now there is a belief that CEOs get paid much salary than they are worth.
Too much pay or not?
Three working days is what a top working CEO requires to make the median salary of around £30,000 which is equivalent to that of an employee in the United Kingdom.
And therefore, based on the data released in 2016, the CEO working in an FTSE 100 company receives a salary ratio that is 120 times more than that of an employee.
The median salary of a CEO sat around £3.45 million in 2015 which now has a significant increment of £4 million.
Sir Martin Sorrel, the founder of WPP Plc, is the topmost paid CEO in 2017 in the UK receiving £70 million wages.
According to research carried out by Stanford Graduate School of Business, they stated that 74% of the people in America believed that the CEOs were excessively paid.
Although there is a widely spread consensus that a CEO, being the head of an organization should receive much than the employees in a factory, the pay scale has received much attention.
Besides, the pay gap has increased within the last three decades because back then the CEOs only received 40 times the salary an average employee used to earn.
The Undeviating Direct Influence
A CEO influences the company’s productivity directly on the stock market. This may have both a positive and negative impact.
The death of Steve Jobs resulted in Apple Company losing 5% in the market stock value while the Microsoft Company gained an 8% profit after the step down of Steve Ballmer.
Besides, the trajectory and expectation of an organization depend entirely on the CEO’s vision because he or she is the person in charge.
There are CEO’s who are well-paid, but they are deciding to resign their jobs as a result of bad press. One of the famous case examples is that of Take Dame Glynis Breakwell who stepped down from Bath University as a result of media frenzy.
Bath University was growing well in all rankings during her time; hence it was money that was well spent although she was receiving a salary of around £500,000 annually she still resigned.
Most of the traders and analysts of the stock market are agreeing that CEOs have a direct impact on an organizations growth.
However, this may not have much effect on a short term period, but the vision of the CEO has a long term impact on the company.
Having so much company responsibilities on their shoulders, using a few million to pay off their hard work will not seem costly to them.
The things that need to be done
The excessive remuneration of CEOs has become discontent source amongst employees although their impact is quite intensive.
Since the 2008 financial crisis globally, this discontent is being felt widely. Just after the financial crisis, the salaries of the CEOs had taken a significant hit, but after a few years, the wages took back the journey towards the North.
Still, with the knowledge of the CEO’s influence in a company, the widespread consensus requires their salaries to drop to a reasonable range limit.
Although setting wage limits is not possible, but its performance orientation can be increased than it used to be.
With the remuneration being based on the outcomes will be a good starting point.
If substantial shreds of evidence are provided, it will be a great barometer that can be used to decide on the salary limit of CEO.
A misconception has been widely spread on the package salary stated for a CEO.
Sundar Pichai, being one of the worlds leading CEO receives a salary packet of less than $200 million annually.
The direct salary the ALPHABET CEO is receiving is $650,000, although this is sounding absurd to many.
Stock options resulting from the remaining compensation chunk, have several built-in clauses.
The compensation has attained a more modest look abruptly. This is often the great truth about the CEO’s pay.
There is inequality pay between the basement-level employees and the high ranked officials in an organization.
Although they all work on the progress of the company, this significant disparity among the employees may cause potential bad vibes and grudges.
More CEOs accepting lower salaries can come forward.
EXAMPLE OF ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY #2
Have people become too much dependent on mobile phones?
In this modern society, mobile phones are a must-have asset. Other than regular conversations, they are a central application for a variety of aspects.
In the last decade, mobile phones have integrated more even after being invented to connect people while on the move.
Watching videos, listening to music and other things may not be possible. Mobile phones have started to occupy more prominent roles in people’s lives to the point of addiction which is currently a new part of life.
Overwhelming reasons for the popularity
The main reason for the rapid mobile phones growth has been narrowed down to them having changed the mode of communications perceived by humans.
These devices have made the world a small place since they permit communication rapidly.
Rather than the vocal communication used several decades ago, it may not be possible to send videos, pictures, and location using mobile phones.
They are crucially flexible with something for everyone in this department. These godsend mobile devices resolve Long-distant relationships.
Also, they have as well established business performance even when there is a large mass of earth separating them.
The mobile device is now an emergency device for safety as revealed by statistical data showing that mobile devices of Americans are used to make 74% of distress calls.
Has The Dependency Rate Increased?
Mobile phones have been embraced by modern society at a cost but in a big way. The essence socialism of today is translated into a tiny handheld device.
These devices are now multifaceted which has increased the mobile devices dependence level including small actions such as checking the time of the day.
The addiction to mobile phones is now a big problem, and even when there is no communication, people are still glued to mobile phones.
Any time during the day, the mobile phone is now the hubs that provide entertainment. Variety medium has been used by most creators of content to install entertainment games and applications into these mobile devices
The negative impact of excess usage of mobile phones
The risk analysis of our daily lives caused by mobile phones was done a few years back by ‘The World Unplugged Project.’
To confirm, the longest time a person can survive without a mobile phone, an experiment was carried out which ended badly.
Mobile phones were kept away from the participants for 24 hours whereby some of the displayed physical problems while others showed plenty of psychological symptoms.
Mobile devices have a huge impact that can be summed with the behaviors like checking mobile phone for new messages and also when there is nothing available.
People continuously think about receiving new contents on their mobile phone which is having an influence on society badly.
Even though mobile phones are making our life convenient, it is also coming with plenty of other health problems.
Mobile devices are superficially appearing to enhance life’s quality, but on the other hand, they are continuously consuming the whole society.
Although it’s not possible or feasible to remove mobile phones in our life, each person should see the weight of the problems resting in their pockets.
They are a source of depression, loneliness, stressfulness, frustrations, nervousness, irritability, and anxiousness which is spreading around us.
Therefore, it is crucial to limit the usage of mobile phones.
It’s not confusing to write argumentative essays. You will easily be able to convince readers to support your viewpoint as long as you key all the elements in the essay.
To convince of the two options your viewpoint is the stronger viewpoint; it is essential to have credible sources.
To make your viewpoint stronger than that of the opposing side, you should provide factual evidence to be able to refute the opposition.
We are suggesting you check out our examples of argumentative essays as you also check out our different topics because they will help you in writing quality work.